74th Street (Manhattan)

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Coordinates: 40°46′13″N 73°57′27″W / 40.770239°N 73.957393°W / 40.770239; -73.957393 74th Street is an east–west street carrying pedestrian traffic and eastbound automotive/bicycle traffic in the New York City borough of Manhattan. It runs through the Upper East Side neighborhood (in ZIP code 10021, where it is known as East 74th Street), and the Upper West Side neighborhood (in ZIP code 10023, where it is known as West 74th Street), on both sides of Central Park.


237 West 74th Street

In 1639, Colony's Sawmill stood at the corner of East 74th Street and Second Avenue, in the Dutch village of New Amsterdam, at which African laborers cut lumber.[1][2]

In 1664, the English took over Manhattan and the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam from the Dutch. English colonial Governor of the Province of New York Richard Nicolls made 74th Street, beginning at the East River, the southern border patent line (which was called the "Harlem Line") of the village of Nieuw Haarlem (later, the village of Harlem); the British also renamed the village "Lancaster".[3][4][5][6]

That same year Jan van Bonnel built a sawmill on East 74th Street and the East River, where a 13.71-kilometer-long (8.52 mi) creek or stream, which began in the north of today's Central Park and became known as Saw Kill or Saw Kill Creek, emptied into the river.[7][8][9][10][11] George Elphinstone and Abraham Shotwell, later owners of the property, replaced the sawmill with a leather mill in 1677.[7][12] The Saw Kill Bridge was built and since at least 1806 was known as "The Kissing Bridge" because its surrounding beautiful landscape and seclusion made it a favorite spot to kiss in 18th and 19th century Manhattan.[7]

East 74th Street between Fourth Avenue (now Park Avenue) and Fifth Avenue was the northern boundary of a 30-acre (120,000 m2) farm known as the "Lenox Farm" created by pieces of land that Robert Lenox purchased in 1818; the area later became known as Lenox Hill.[13]

Frederick Ambrose Clark developed a good portion of West 74th Street in 1902–04.[14]

In 1938, an open-air market on East 74th Street, east of Second Avenue, was supplanted by an enclosed market.[15]


The closest subway stop for East 74th Street on the Upper East Side is the 72nd Street station on the Second Avenue Subway (Q train), at Second Avenue. The next closest station is the 77th Street station (6 and <6>​ trains) on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line, at Lexington Avenue. The closest subway stops for West 74th Street on the Upper West Side are the 72nd Street station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line (1, ​2, and ​3 trains), at Broadway, and the 72nd Street station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line (B and ​C trains), at Central Park West.[16]

Notable places[edit]

East Side[edit]

Central Park[edit]

In Central Park near East 74th Street:

West Side[edit]

  • The Langham, 135 Central Park West between West 73rd Street and West 74th Streets, 1907 apartment building in the French Second Empire style.
  • The San Remo, 145 and 146 Central Park West between West 74th Street and West 75th Street, luxury 27-floor co-operative apartment building.
  • Calhoun School, at 160 West 74th Street, independent, coeducational college preparatory school founded in 1896.
  • De La Salle Institute, at 160–62 West 74th Street, former Catholic Church school for boys.
  • Levain Bakery, at 167 West 74th Street.
  • The Ansonia, at 2109 Broadway between West 73rd and West 74th Streets, 1899 building originally built as a hotel.
  • The Beacon Theatre, at 2124 Broadway at West 74th Street, a 2,894-seat, three-tiered theatre built in 1929.

Notable residents[edit]

East Side[edit]

West Side[edit]


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  9. ^ Social studies. 1962. p. [page needed].
  10. ^ Carl Horton Pierce; William Pennington Toler; Harmon De Pau Nutting (1903). New Harlem Past and Present: The Story of an Amazing Civic Wrong, Now at Last to be Righted. New Harlem Publishing Company. p. 144. 74th street harlem british.
  11. ^ History and commerce of New York, 1891. American Publishing and Engraving Co. 1891. p. 86. 74th street harlem british.
  12. ^ Anthony Lofaso (2010). Origins and History of the Village of Yorkville in the City of New York. p. 6. ISBN 9781450019408.
  13. ^ Kenneth T. Jackson; Lisa Keller; Nancy Flood (2010). The Encyclopedia of New York City (Second ed.). Yale University Press. p. [page needed]. ISBN 978-0300182576.
  14. ^ Andrew S. Dolkart (2008). Guide to New York City Landmarks. John Wiley & Son. p. 130. ISBN 9780470289631.
  15. ^ New York (N.Y.). City Planning Commission (1938). Major Reports of the City Planning Commission. p. 40.
  16. ^ "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2021. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
  17. ^ "20-STORY BUILDING ON 5TH AVE. SOLD – Uris Disposes of 74th Street Corner-$650,000 Holding on E. 46th Changes Hands Second Ave. Corner Bought Deal on East 75th Street Madison Ave. Building Sold 2 Apartments Change Hands". New York Times. January 30, 1957. Retrieved April 11, 2013.
  18. ^ "CONSULATE GENERAL OF FRANCE ANNEX, NEW YORK, 10 EAST 74TH STREET". Cylex-usa.com. Retrieved April 10, 2013.
  19. ^ Caravaggio | Manhattan | Restaurant Menus and Reviews. Zagat. Retrieved April 11, 2013.
  20. ^ "What's on the Market: William Lescaze's Kramer House, New York". The Modern House Journal. January 18, 2013.
  21. ^ Taylor & Francis Group (2004). Europa World Year. Taylor & Francis. p. 5. ISBN 9781857432541.
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  23. ^ Brendan Krisel (January 9, 2018). "Sephardic Academy Buys $14 Million Upper East Side Building," Patch.
  24. ^ "Music & Dance". New York Magazine: 98. May 17, 1982.
  25. ^ J.G. Melon | Manhattan | Restaurant Menus and Reviews. Zagat. 2013. Retrieved April 11, 2013.
  26. ^ Construction of the 74th Street Power Station, nycblog.org
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  29. ^ New York: the movie lover's guide: the ultimate insider tour of movie New York, Richard Alleman, Random House, Inc., 2005, p. 188
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  31. ^ Edward Klein (1997). All Too Human: The Love Story of Jack and Jackie Kennedy. Simon and Schuster. p. 36. ISBN 9780671501914.
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  34. ^ Belinda Rathbone (2000). Walker Evans: A Biography. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 14. ISBN 0618056726.
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External links[edit]