This article's factual accuracy is disputed. (September 2021)
|Leader of the Green Party of Quebec|
|Assumed office |
21 September 2013
|Preceded by||Claude Sabourin|
|Born||23 March 1988|
Beaconsfield, Quebec, Canada
|Political party||Green Party of Quebec|
|Green Party of Canada (federal)|
New Democratic Party (2006–2012)
|Alma mater||Concordia University|
Alex Tyrrell (born 23 March 1988) is a Canadian politician who has served as the leader of the Green Party of Quebec since 2013. Elected party leader at 25 years old, he is presently the youngest leader of a provincial political party in Canada.
With 9 electoral defeats (2 in general elections and 7 in by-elections), Alex Tyrrell is the leader of a political party in Quebec with the most electoral defeats.
Early life and education
Following his secondary education, Tyrrell enrolled in the Mechanical Engineering Technology program at Montreal's Dawson College. During his technical studies at the CEGEP, he worked on the issues of biofuels and became involved in an advocacy campaign to finance a project of design of electric vehicles for the students of his department.
In 2011, Tyrrell enrolled in an environmental science program at Concordia University in Montreal, focusing his studies to better understand the problems of pollution, the impacts of climate change, and issues related to the environment. During the course of his degree, Tyrrell studied the negative environmental impact of mining and resource extraction in Quebec. He graduated in June 2017.
Later in 2012, Tyrrell actively participated in the Indigenous-rights 'Idle No More' demonstrations in Montreal, meeting movement leader Raymond Robinson. During Robinson's hunger strikes, he and Tyrrell developed a friendship, leading to Tyrrell, in April 2013, being named communications officer for the project. Tyrrell participated in meetings with the Chief of The First Nations Assembly and the Minister of Aboriginal Affairs.
During his involvement with the New Democrats, Tyrrell held several positions on the Executive Committee of the riding of Lac St-Louis and participated in the 2008 and 2011 election campaigns, serving as the chief organizer for the NDP campaign in this constituency and, subsequently, as president of the local association. Following the campaign, he volunteered with Pierrefonds-Dollard MP Lysane Blanchette-Lamothe.
During the 2011-2012 NDP leadership race, he supported the candidacy of Nathan Cullen, becoming the co-organizer of his campaign in Quebec. Following the victory of Thomas Mulcair, Tyrrell stepped back from the federal political scene and turned his commitment to the student movement.
Tyrrell had been mulling a run for the leadership of the federal Green Party after Elizabeth May gave mixed comments about whether or not she would resign the leadership after the election. May subsequently resigned on 4 November 2019, triggering a leadership election. He declared his candidacy on 15 January 2020, but suspended his campaign on 3 June 2020.
Green Party of Quebec
Following the student protests of 2012, Tyrrell became interested in provincial politics, becoming involved with the Green Party of Quebec by submitting his candidacy in the riding of Jacques-Cartier.
Following the party's sagging fortunes in the 2012 campaign, including a public incident in which a journalist with the newspaper La Presse was able to secure candidacy with the party without vetting, incumbent Green Party leader Claude Sabourin resigned. Tyrrell was the first candidate to declare his intention to seek the leadership of the party.
Tyrrell campaigned on the slogan "Uniting the PVQ", a direct reference to the internal divisions that he saw as preventing the party from advancing in Quebec politics. He proposed to unite the party around progressive values, to modernize the program, and to return the party clearly to the left of the provincial scene. Tyrrell proposed to broaden the party's environment-oriented agenda to present a more comprehensive platform that called for massive investments in public services such as health and education.
On 21 September 2013, Tyrrell won the leadership of the party, beating Sainte-Justine-de-Newton mayor Patricia Domingos, former Action démocratique du Québec candidate Marc-André Beauchemin, and party activist Pierre Étienne Loignon.
Soon after assuming the leadership of the party, Tyrrell was faced with opposition from the party's executive. Tyrrell summarily dismissed the executive on 3 December 2013, an act which dismissed members said violated the party's statutes and regulations.
Following the calming of internal tensions, Tyrrell participated in the adopted a new political program for the party that addressed environmental issues, recognized social struggles, and adopted an eco-socialist position for the 2014 general election.
By positioning the Quebec Green Party on the left of the political spectrum, Tyrrell and federal Green Party leader Elizabeth May had a public falling out, with leaked emails indicating May had said to federal members: "Please, as a federal Green, do nothing to associate yourself with Alex [Tyrrell, leader of the Quebec Green Party]." May's positions on issues such as the federal Green Party's support for the BDS movement led to Tyrrell labeling May's leadership as "detrimental" to the green movement in Canada.
Tyrell again contested the 2018 provincial election and a by-election in 2018.
|Quebec provincial by-election, 10 December 2018|
Resignation of Philippe Couillard
|Coalition Avenir Québec||Nancy Guillemette||8,369||54.53||+30.37|
|Parti Québécois||Thomas Gaudreault||2,688||17.51||-1.51|
|Québec solidaire||Luc-Antoine Cauchon||1,584||10.32||-0.38|
|Conservative||Carl C. Lamontagne||172||1.12||-0.60|
|Citoyens au pouvoir||Julie Boucher||121||1.12||-0.31|
|Total valid votes||15,384||99.45|
|Total rejected ballots||85||0.55||-0.89|
|Electors on the list||44,509|
|Coalition Avenir Québec gain from Liberal||Swing||+28.81|
|2018 Quebec general election|
|Québec solidaire||Vanessa Roy||7,457||23.95||+5.37|
|Coalition Avenir Québec||Nicole Leduc||6,343||20.38||+7.65|
|Parti Québécois||Constantin Fortier||3,929||12.62||-14.53|
|New Democratic||Raphaël Fortin||717||2.30||-|
|Parti nul||Marc-André Milette||151||0.49||-|
|Bloc Pot||Hugo Richard||76||0.24||-|
|Total valid votes||31,130||98.88|
|Total rejected ballots||354||1.12|
|Quebec provincial by-election, 2 October 2017|
On the resignation of Sam Hamad
|Coalition Avenir Québec||Geneviève Guilbault||12,091||51.04||+25.12|
|Liberal||Ihssane El Ghernati||4,433||18.71||-30.51|
|Parti Québécois||Normand Beauregard||3,852||16.26||-2.11|
|Québec solidaire||Guillaume Boivin||1,235||5.21||+0.27|
|New Democratic||Denis Blanchette||319||1.35||–|
|Option nationale||Martin St-Louis||61||0.26||-0.45|
|Équipe autonomiste||Jean-Luc Rouckout||18||0.08||–|
|Total valid votes||23,687||99.20|
|Total rejected ballots||190||0.80|
|Electors on the lists||45,540||–|
|Coalition Avenir Québec gain from Liberal||Swing||+27.82|
|Quebec provincial by-election, 2017|
|Québec solidaire||Gabriel Nadeau-Dubois||9,872||69.30||+18.32|
|Option nationale||Vanessa Dion||1,116||7.83||+6.70|
|Coalition Avenir Québec||Benjamin Bélair||954||6.70||-1.97|
|Bloc Pot||Jean-Patrick Berthiaume||113||0.79||–|
|Parti indépendantiste||Alexandre Cormier-Denis||81||0.57||–|
|Parti des sans Parti||Nicole Goulet||34||0.24||–|
|Parti libre||Michel Leclerc||34||0.24||–|
|Équipe autonomiste||Louis Chandonnet||12||0.08||–|
|Total valid votes||14,245||98.32||–|
|Total rejected ballots||243||1.68||–|
|Electors on the lists||44,185||–||–|
|Québec solidaire hold||Swing||+13.55|
|Quebec provincial by-election, 11 April 2016|
|Parti Québécois||Mireille Jean||8,810||46.69||+12.21|
|Coalition Avenir Québec||Hélène Girard||2,216||11.74||-5.71|
|Québec solidaire||Pierre Dostie||1,508||7.99||+1.54|
|Option nationale||Catherine Bouchard-Tremblay||170||0.90||-0.10|
|Total valid votes||18,869||98.43|
|Total rejected ballots||301||1.57||-0.11|
|Electors on the lists||46,626||–|
|Parti Québécois hold||Swing||+5.78|
|2014 Quebec general election|
|Québec solidaire||Annick Desjardins||2,164||7.42||-1.14|
|Coalition Avenir Québec||Noah Sidel||1,649||5.66||-7.96|
|Parti Québécois||Olivier Sirard||1,610||5.52||-2.77|
|Total valid votes||29,155||99.35||–|
|Total rejected ballots||192||0.65||–|
|Electors on the lists||40,476||–||–|
|Quebec provincial by-election, 9 December 2013|
|Québec solidaire||Édith Laperle||3,264||32.23||+14.21|
|Option nationale||Julie Surprenant||677||6.68||+4.97|
|Conservative||Pierre Ennio Crespi||145||1.43||–|
|Parti nul||Mathieu Marcil||59||0.58||-0.34|
|Autonomist Team||Guy Boivin||17||0.17||–|
|Total valid votes||10,128||99.13||–|
|Total rejected ballots||89||0.87||–|
|Electors on the lists||38,671||–||–|
|2012 Quebec general election|
|Coalition Avenir Québec||Paola L. Hawa||5,006||14.92||+11.09*|
|Parti Québécois||Olivier Gendreau||1,232||3.67||-2.35|
|Québec solidaire||François-Xavier Charlebois||859||2.56||+1.12|
|Option nationale||Raphaël Hébert||128||0.38||–|
|Quebec Citizens' Union||Ágnes Mina Barti||86||0.26||–|
|Total valid votes||33,547||99.47||–|
|Total rejected ballots||178||0.53||–|
|Electors on the lists||43,861||–||–|
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