Amytis of Media

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Amytis of Media (c. 630-565 BC; Median: *Umati-; Ancient Greek: Ἄμυτις, romanizedÁmutis) was the daughter of the Median king Cyaxares, and the wife of Nebuchadnezzar II.


Amytis was either born to Cyaxares and his wife, or to Cyaxares's son, Astyages, and daughter-in-law, Aryenis.[1]

Amytis married Nebuchadnezzar to formalize the alliance between the Babylonian and Median dynasties.

Hanging Gardens of Babylon[edit]

Tradition relates that Amytis' yearning for the forested mountains of the Median Empire led to the construction of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, as Nebuchadnezzar attempted to please her by planting the trees and plants of her homeland.[2] Historical evidence, however, does not lend support to this tradition.


The female name Amytis is attested only in the Greek form A´mytis, which perhaps may reflect (with vowel metathesis) an Median and Persian *Umati- (equivalent to Avestan humaiti), "having good thought".[3]


  1. ^ "Cyaxares". Livius. Retrieved 2015-06-15.
  2. ^ Foster, Karen Polinger (1998). "Gardens of Eden: Flora and Fauna in the Ancient Near East" (PDF). Transformations of Middle Eastern Natural Environments: Legacies and Lessons. New Haven: Yale University. pp. 320–329. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-08-28. Retrieved 2007-08-11.
  3. ^ "AMYTIS". Encyclopædia Iranica Online. Archived from the original on 2008-02-27. Retrieved 2008-06-05.