Coenties Slip

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Coordinates: 40°42′13″N 74°00′38″W / 40.70366°N 74.01063°W / 40.70366; -74.01063

Coenties Slip in 1893

Coenties Slip is a street in the Financial District of Manhattan in New York City. It runs southeast for two blocks in Lower Manhattan from Pearl Street to South Street. A pedestrian walkway runs an additional block north from Pearl Street to Stone Street.

The slip was originally an artificial inlet in the East River for the loading and unloading of ships that was land-filled in 1835. The entire length of the road is a pedestrian street, though before 2013, the block north of Water Street carried vehicular traffic.

Pronunciation[edit]

In 2003, Gerard Wolfe reported the pronunciation of Coenties to be /ˈk.əntz/ KOH-ən-teez.[1] Earlier reports include /ˈkwɪnsz/ KWIN-seez (1896),[2] /ˈkwɛnɪz/ KWEN-chiz (1917),[3] and /ˈkwɪnz/ KWIN-cheez (1908).[4]

History[edit]

Coenties Slip is mentioned in the opening page of Herman Melville's Moby Dick: "Circumambulate the city of a dreamy Sabbath afternoon. Go from Corlears Hook to Coenties Slip, and from thence, by Whitehall, northward. What do you see? ..."

Although surrounded by skyscrapers, a row of buildings from the 19th century still stands along the block that is open to vehicles, and these buildings are in active use by small businesses. The construction of these high rise buildings resulted in the removal of the blocks between Water Street and Front Street, and between Front Street and South Street. Part of 55 Water Street and part of the New York Vietnam Veterans Memorial are built on land that was once part of Coenties Slip. Both Coenties Slip and Coenties Alley are named after Conraet Ten Eyck and his wife Antje.[5]

Arthur Bartlett Maurice describes Coenties Slip in the 1935 book Magical City: “At the head of the Slip, where the Elevated road winds its way along Pearl Street on its way from South Ferry to Hanover Square, stood the Stadt Huys of Dutch days, the first City Hall on Manhattan Island. After the Erie Canal was finished in 1825, the slip, then only a tiny corner of what it is today, harbored many of the canal boats."[6] The land was infilled by 1835 and new buildings were developed, only to be destroyed shortly afterward in the Great Fire of New York.[6]

In 2010, the Downtown Alliance proposed upgrades to Coenties Slip and Whitehall Street plazas.[7] Coenties Slip between Water and Pearl Streets was closed, painted, and converted into a pedestrian plaza in 2013.[8] However, a $23 million permanent upgrade stalled because of a lack of funding. In 2018, New York City Department of Transportation announced permanent upgrades as part of the Water Street upgrade project.[7]

Coenties Alley[edit]

Coenties Alley, formerly City Hall Lane, is an historic pedestrian walkway that leads inland from Coenties Slip. The alley runs south from South William Street to Pearl Street, and is the cut-off for Stone Street's discontinuity.[9] In the 17th century, New Amsterdam's City Hall stood at Coenties Alley on the north side of Pearl Street, just to the north of Coenties Slip.[9]

Artists of Coenties Slip[edit]

For a time in the mid-20th century, Coenties Slip also was the home for a group of ground-breaking American artists. From the late 1950s to the early 1960s, the artists Chryssa, Robert Indiana, Ellsworth Kelly, Agnes Martin, Lenore Tawney, Fred Mitchell and Jack Youngerman lived in this Lower Manhattan location overlooking the East River. These artists were among a group of intellectuals, writers, filmmakers, and poets who lived and worked in Coenties Slip.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wolfe, Gerard R. New York, 15 walking tours: an architectural guide to the metropolis (2003), p. 60.
  2. ^ Earle, Alice Morse, "The Stadt Huys of New Amsterdam," Half Moon Series, Vol 1, No 1 (1896), p. 4.
  3. ^ Miller, Alice Duer, "The Happiest Time of Their Lives," The Century [Magazine], Vol. 95, No. 1, November 1917, p. 23.
  4. ^ Phyfe, William Henry Pinkney, Twelve thousand words often mispronounced (1908), p. 562.
  5. ^ "The Alleys of Lower Manhattan". Forgotten NY. Retrieved 2010-05-29.
  6. ^ a b collectableivy (2017-06-20). "New York's Lost (and Found Treasures)". Pied-A-Terre Books Blog. Retrieved 2017-06-20.
  7. ^ a b Glassman, Carl (July 19, 2018). "Water Street Redesign Plan Is Finally on the Road to Reality". Tribeca Trib Online. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  8. ^ Plagianos, Irene (March 8, 2013). "New Pedestrian Plazas Coming to Water Street". DNAinfo New York. Archived from the original on April 8, 2019. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  9. ^ a b "Quality of Life Improvements". Lower Manhattan Construction Command Center. Archived from the original on 2010-04-28. Retrieved 2010-05-29.

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