Eighth Avenue (Manhattan)
|Central Park West (59th–110th Sts)|
Douglass Boulevard (north of 110th St)
|Owner||City of New York|
|Length||7.8 mi (12.6 km)|
|Location||Manhattan, New York City|
|South end||Hudson / Bleecker Streets in West Village|
|Columbus Circle in Midtown|
Frederick Douglass Circle in Harlem
|North end||Harlem River Drive in Washington Heights|
|East||Greenwich Avenue & 4th Street (below 14th Street) |
Seventh Avenue (14th–59th Streets)
West Drive (59th–110th Streets)
Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard (above 110th Street)
|West||Hudson Street (below 14th Street) |
Ninth Avenue (14th–59th Streets)
Columbus Avenue (59th–100th Streets)
Manhattan Avenue (100th–124th Streets)
St. Nicholas Avenue (above 124th Street)
Eighth Avenue is a major north–south avenue on the west side of Manhattan in New York City, carrying northbound traffic below 59th Street. It is one of the original avenues of the Commissioners' Plan of 1811 to run the length of Manhattan, though today the name changes twice. At 59th Street/Columbus Circle it becomes Central Park West, where it forms the western boundary of Central Park. North of 110th Street/Frederick Douglass Circle it is known as Frederick Douglass Boulevard before merging onto Harlem River Drive north of 155th Street.
Eighth Avenue begins in the West Village neighborhood at Abingdon Square (where Hudson Street becomes Eighth Avenue at an intersection with Bleecker Street) and runs north for 44 blocks through Chelsea, the Garment District, Hell's Kitchen's east end, Midtown and the Broadway theatre district in the eponymous neighborhood, before it finally enters Columbus Circle at 59th Street and becomes Central Park West. North of Frederick Douglass Circle, it resumes its Eighth Avenue designation, but is also known as Frederick Douglass Boulevard. The avenue ends north of 155th Street, and merges into the Harlem River Drive.
MTA Regional Bus Operations primarily operates two bus routes on the avenue. The northbound M20 serves Eighth Avenue between Abingdon Square and Columbus Circle, while the M10 serves the length of Eighth Avenue north of 59th Street in its entirety.
The southernmost section is known solely as Eighth Avenue between Abingdon Square and Columbus Circle. This portion of Eighth Avenue has carried traffic one-way northbound since June 6, 1954.
Since the 1990s, the stretch of Eighth Avenue that runs through Greenwich Village and its adjacent Chelsea neighborhood has been a center of the city's gay community, with bars and restaurants catering to gay men. New York City's annual gay pride parade takes place along the Greenwich Village section of Eighth Avenue. Also, along with Times Square, the portion of Eighth Avenue from 42nd Street to 50th Street was an informal red-light district in the late 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s before it was controversially renovated into a more family friendly environment under the first mayoral administration of Rudolph Giuliani.
Central Park West
North of Columbus Circle, the roadway becomes Central Park West (abbreviated to CPW). Unlike many Manhattan avenues, CPW has traffic running in two directions, and its address numbering system is different from that of the rest of Eighth Avenue. As its name indicates, CPW forms the western edge of Central Park. It also forms the eastern boundary of the Upper West Side. It runs 51 blocks from Columbus Circle (at 59th Street, or Central Park South) to Frederick Douglass Circle (at 110th Street, or Cathedral Parkway). The gates into Central Park along its western edge are: Merchants Gate at 59th Street, Women's Gate at 72nd, Naturalists Gate at 77th, Hunters Gate at 81st, Mariners Gate at 85th, Gate of All Saints at 96th, Boys Gate at 100th, and Strangers Gate at 106th. Central Park West's expensive housing rivals that of Fifth Avenue on the Upper East Side.
Several famous residences are located on Central Park West, including:
- The Dakota, where John Lennon lived with current resident Yoko Ono, and outside of which he was murdered in 1980
- The San Remo, home to Demi Moore, Diane Keaton, Steve Martin, and U2's Bono
- The El Dorado
- The Beresford, home to Jerry Seinfeld and Diana Ross
- The Langham
- The Century
- 15 Central Park West, home to Sting, Alex Rodriguez and Ekaterina Rybolovleva
- 41 Central Park West, home to Madonna
- 455 Central Park West
- The St. Urban
- The Majestic, home to some of the former heads of the Genovese crime family, including Meyer Lansky, Lucky Luciano and Frank Costello. In 1957, Vincent "The Chin" Gigante shot Frank Costello in the lobby of The Majestic in a failed assassination attempt
According to The New York Times's architecture critic Paul Goldberger, the street's buildings, both the new ones like 15 Central Park West and the old ones such as The Century, "fit together the same way the ones in that hypothetical Main Street do, and for the same reason. For more than a hundred years, their architects honor the unspoken agreement to work together, to line their buildings up with each other and to work in a consistent scale with materials that are compatible."
Most of these housing cooperatives were built around 1930, replacing late-19th century hotels with the same names. Some, including The Century, The San Remo, and The Majestic, are twin towers. Other landmarks and institutions along its length include the New-York Historical Society and the American Museum of Natural History. The area from 61st to 97th Streets is included in the Central Park West Historic District.
The building located at 55 Central Park West is the infamous "Spook Central" from the movie Ghostbusters. The famed New York City restaurant Tavern on the Green is located off Central Park West, at 66th Street, within the grounds of Central Park.
Frederick Douglass Boulevard
North of Frederick Douglass Circle at 110th Street in Harlem, it is Frederick Douglass Boulevard, though sometimes still unofficially referred to as Eighth Avenue. Frederick Douglass Boulevard eventually terminates near the Harlem River at the Harlem River Drive around West 159th Street. While Central Park West has its own address system, address numbers on Frederick Douglass Boulevard continue from where they would be if Central Park West used the Eighth Avenue numbering system.
The corridor along Frederick Douglass Boulevard was reallocated in 2003, allowing for larger residential buildings of greater density, and resulting in the construction of condominiums, rental buildings, restaurants, and cafes. Formerly described as being "like Detroit" in its urban blight, it is now gentrified, especially in the restaurants along its route, giving it the nickname "Restaurant Row". This gentrification is partly due to massive city investment. According to The New York Times the demographic too has changed:
A 2007-2011 census survey estimated that 61 percent of the 57,897 people living along and around Eighth were black, down from 74 percent in 2000. The share of whites jumped to 12.4 percent from 2.3 percent. Median household income rose 28 percent, to $34,694.
Points of interest
- The Fashion Institute of Technology (at 26th/27th Streets)
- Madison Square Garden and Penn Station (between 31st and 33rd Streets)
- James Farley Post Office
- The New York Times Building at 40th Street
- The Port Authority Bus Terminal (between 40th and 42nd Streets)
- One Worldwide Plaza
- Hearst Tower
- Soros Foundation and Open Society Institute headquarters on West 59th Street
- 111 Eighth Avenue, the Art Deco former Inland Freight Terminal of the Port Authority, is the eighth-largest commercial structure in Manhattan, hosting the East Coast headquarters of Google.
- Google (September 13, 2015). "Eighth Avenue / Central Park West / Frederick Douglass Boulevard" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- Dougherty, Peter (2002). Tracks of the New York City Subway. Peter Dougherty. OCLC 49777633.
- "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2021. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
- "Manhattan Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 2019. Retrieved December 1, 2020.
- Ingraham, Joseph (June 7, 1954). "7th and 8th Aves. Shift to One-Way". The New York Times. Retrieved August 28, 2012.
- Weiss, Shari (December 8, 2010). "Yoko Ono on anniversary of John Lennon's death: I still can't bear to leave our home at The Dakota". Daily News (New York).
- "Lennon's murder". jfkmontreal.com. Archived October 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- Clarke, Katherine, "Beresford Wants Hot Dog Vendor Off Its Corner", TheRealDeal.com, August 30, 2012
- Moritz, Owen (February 28, 2010). "A-Rod joins Sting, Denzel Washington, other rich and famous at 15 Central Park West, Owen Moritz" Archived 2010-03-02 at the Wayback Machine. Daily News (New York).
- Na Zdarovia Dmitry Rybolovlev! Fertilizer Kingpin Buys Sandy Weill’s $88 M. Penthouse, The New York Observer, December 18, 2011.
- Gray, Christopher (August 12, 2007). "Where the Name Says It All". The New York Times. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- Burrough, Bryan. Public Enemies: America's Greatest Crime Wave and the Birth of the FBI, 1933–34.
- Goldberger, Paul (2009). Why Architecture Matters. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 216. ISBN 9780300144307.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- Gaines, Steven. "One Apartment, 75 Years," New York Magazine, November 7, 2005. Retrieved April 3, 2007.
- Aykroyd, Dan and Ramis, Harold. Reitman, Ivan, Director. Ghostbusters (Film). New York City: Columbia Pictures., June 8, 1984.
- Tavern on the Green profile and articles at The New York Times
- Tavern on the Green
- Fatally hurt by automobile, The New York Times article, September 14, 1899.
- Gill, John F. (December 31, 2013). "Frederick Douglass Boulevard: Newly Revived". The New York Times. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
- "A Boulevard in Harlem Undergoes a Resurgence". The New York Times. December 3, 2012. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
- "Harlem's Frederick Douglass Blvd. is home to a restaurant renaissance". New York Daily News. January 5, 2014. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
- "Commercial Real Estate; Behemoth of a Building Is Set for a Tenant Influx". The New York Times. November 19, 1997.
- Barbanel, Josh. "Would an Aardvark Live Here?" The New York Times, September 17, 2006. Accessed December 31, 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 8th Avenue (Manhattan).|
- New York Songlines: Eighth Avenue, a virtual walking tour