Franklin County, Pennsylvania
|Founded||September 9, 1784|
|Named for||Benjamin Franklin|
|• Total||773 sq mi (2,000 km2)|
|• Land||772 sq mi (2,000 km2)|
|• Water||0.6 sq mi (2 km2) 0.08%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||200/sq mi (80/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Franklin County comprises the Chambersburg–Waynesboro, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Washington–Baltimore–Arlington-DC–MD–VA–WV–PA Combined Statistical Area. It lies to a large extent within the Cumberland Valley.
Originally part of Lancaster County (1729), then York County (1749), then Cumberland County (1750), Franklin County became an independent jurisdiction on September 9, 1784, relatively soon after the end of the American Revolutionary War. It is named in honor of Founding Father Benjamin Franklin.
Franklin County is in the watershed of the Chesapeake Bay and the overwhelming majority of it is drained by the Potomac River, but the Conodoguinet Creek and the Sherman Creek drain northeastern portions into the Susquehanna River. It has a hot-summer humid continental climate (Dfa) and its hardiness zone is 6b. Average monthly temperatures in Chambersburg range from 29.9 °F in January to 74.7 °F in July. 
- Juniata County (north)
- Perry County (northeast)
- Cumberland County (northeast)
- Huntingdon County (Northwest)
- Adams County (east)
- Frederick County, Maryland (southeast)
- Washington County, Maryland (south)
- Fulton County (west)
As of the census of 2000, there were 129,313 people, 50,633 households, and 36,405 families residing in the county. The population density was 168 people per square mile (65/km2). There were 53,803 housing units at an average density of 70 per square mile (27/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.33% White, 2.33% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.55% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.74% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 1.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 40.2% were of German, 19.4% American, 7.6% Irish and 6.0% English ancestry. 96.0% spoke English and 2.1% Spanish as their first language.
There were 50,633 households, out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.00% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.00% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males.
For most of its history, Franklin County has been a Republican Party stronghold in presidential elections, with only three Democratic Party candidates having managed to win the county from 1880 to the present day. The most recent Democrat to win the county in a presidential election was Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964 as he won in a landslide statewide & nationally. As a testament to the county's status as a Republican Party stronghold, Jimmy Carter in 1976 is the lone Democrat to win forty percent of the county's votes since Johnson's 1964 win.
- David Keller, Chairman, Republican
- John Flannery, Republican
- Robert Ziobrowski, Democrat
- Clerk of Courts, Todd Rock
- Controller, Harold Wissinger
- Coroner, Jeff Conner
- District Attorney, Matthew Fogal
- Prothonotary, Timothy Sponseller
- Register and Recorder, Linda Miller
- Sheriff, Dane Anthony
- Treasurer, Dave Secor
- Jesse Topper, Republican, Pennsylvania's 78th Representative District
- Adam Harris, Republican, Pennsylvania's 82nd Representative District
- Rob W. Kauffman, Republican, Pennsylvania's 89th Representative District
- Paul Schemel, Republican, Pennsylvania's 90th Representative District
- Judy Ward, Republican, Pennsylvania's 30th Senatorial District
- Doug Mastriano, Republican, Pennsylvania's 33rd Senatorial District
United States House of Representatives
United States Senate
Universities and Colleges
- Franklin County Career and Technology Center
- Chambersburg Area Career Magnet School
- Triangle Tech
Lincoln Intermediate Unit (IU#12) region includes: Adams County, Franklin County and York County. The agency offers school districts, home-schooled students and private schools many services, including: special education services, combined purchasing, and instructional technology services. It runs Summer Academy, which offers both art and academic strands designed to meet the individual needs of gifted, talented and high achieving students. Additional services include: curriculum mapping, professional development for school employees, adult education, nonpublic school services, business services, migrant & ESL (English as a second language), instructional services, special education, management services, and technology services. It also provides a GED program to adults who want to earn a high school diploma and literacy programs. The Lincoln Intermediate Unit is governed by a 13-member board of directors, each a member of a local school board from the 25 school districts. Board members are elected by school directors of all 25 school districts for three-year terms that begin July 1. There are 29 intermediate units in Pennsylvania. They are funded by school districts, state and federal program specific funding and grants. IUs do not have the power to tax.
Public school districts
- Chambersburg Area School District
- Fannett-Metal School District (also in Perry County)
- Greencastle-Antrim School District
- Shippensburg Area School District (also in Cumberland County)
- Tuscarora School District
- Waynesboro Area School District
- Anchor Christian Day School – Shippensburg
- Antrim Mennonite School – Greencastle
- Brook Side Amish School – Spring Run
- Calvary Mennonite School – Chambersburg
- Clearfield Parochial School – Shippensburg
- Conococheague Amish School – Spring Run
- Corpus Christi Catholic School – Chambersburg
- Cornell Abraxas Leadership Development Program
- Cornell Abraxas Youth Center – South Mountain
- Culbertson Mennonite School – Chambersburg
- Cumberland Valley Christian School – Chambersburg
- Emmanuel Christian School – Chambersburg
- Franklin Learning Center – Chambersburg
- Highfield Christian Academy – Blue Ridge Summit
- Living Word Academy – Blue Ridge Summit
- Maple Grove Amish School Dry Run
- McClays Mill Amish School – Newburg
- Meadow Brook Amish School – Spring Run
- Manito Day Treatment – Chambersburg
- Mercersburg Academy – Mercersburg
- Montessori Academy of Chambersburg
- Mountain View Amish School – Spring Run
- Mowersville Christian Academy – Newburg
- Noahs Ark Christian Church Center – Waynesboro
- Otterbein School – Shippensburg
- Path Valley Christian School – Doylesburg
- Portico River Brethren School – Chambersburg
- Providence School – Waynesboro
- St. Andrew the Apostle Catholic School – Waynesboro
- Shady Grove Mennonite School – Greencastle
- Shalom Christian Academy – Chambersburg
- South Mountain Secure Treatment Unit – South Mountain
- Stoney Creek Parochial School – Orrstown
- Sunset Amish School – Newburg
- Sweetwater Ridge School – Dry Run
- Sylvan Learning Center – Chambersburg
- Tunnel Run School – Newburg
- Visionquest-South Mountain Lodge – South Mountain
- Willow Hill Parochial School – Willow Hill
The Franklin County Library system has five branches:
- Blue Ridge Summit Free Library – Blue Ridge Summit
- Coyle Free Library – Chambersburg
- Grove Family Library – Chambersburg
- Lilian S Besore Memorial Library – Greencastle
- St Thomas Branch Library – Saint Thomas
The system also supports the Alexander Hamilton Memorial Library in Waynesboro, PA. In addition, the system currently operates two bookmobiles.
There are four Pennsylvania state parks in Franklin County.
- Caledonia State Park straddles the Franklin and Adams County line along U.S. Route 30 between Chambersburg and Gettysburg.
- Buchanan's Birthplace State Park is the birthplace of the 15th President of the United States, James Buchanan.
- Mont Alto State Park is the oldest state park in Pennsylvania.
- Cowans Gap State Park is largely surrounded by Buchanan State Forest and straddles the Franklin and Fulton County border.
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following boroughs and townships are located in Franklin County:
- Chambersburg (county seat)
- Mont Alto
- Shippensburg (mostly in Cumberland County)
Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2010 Census)|
|3||Shippensburg (mostly in Cumberland County)||Borough||5,492|
|15||Blue Ridge Summit||CDP||891|
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Franklin County, Pennsylvania
- Bloom Brothers Department Stores
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Franklin County PA – default Archived 2011-08-06 at the Wayback Machine. Co.franklin.pa.us. Retrieved on July 23, 2013.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 131.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- David Brooks (December 2001). "One Nation, Slightly Divisible". The Atlantic. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
- http://geoelections.free.fr/. Retrieved January 13, 2021. Missing or empty
- "Franklin County, PA". www.franklincountypa.gov. Retrieved 2017-04-25.
- "Franklin County, PA: Franklin County Elected Officials". www.franklincountypa.gov. Retrieved 2019-01-19.
- Center, Legislativate Data Processing. "Find Your Legislator". The official website for the Pennsylvania General Assembly. Retrieved 2017-04-25.
- Lincoln Intermediate Unit 12 website accessed April 2010
- "Locations". 2018-08-29. Retrieved 2020-10-19.
- "2010 U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 10, 2013.