George Wein

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George Wein
Wein at the Newport Jazz Festival in 2014
Wein at the Newport Jazz Festival in 2014
Background information
Born(1925-10-03)October 3, 1925
Lynn, Massachusetts, U.S.
DiedSeptember 13, 2021(2021-09-13) (aged 95)
New York City, New York, U.S.
GenresJazz
Occupation(s)Festival producer, concert promoter, musician
InstrumentsPiano, vocals
LabelsArbors
Associated actsRuby Braff, Howard Alden, Warren Vache

George Wein (October 3, 1925 – September 13, 2021) was an American jazz promoter, pianist, and producer.[1] He was the founder of the Newport Jazz Festival, which is held every summer in Newport, Rhode Island. He also co-founded the Newport Folk Festival with Pete Seeger and Theodore Bikel and was instrumental in the founding of the New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival.

Early life[edit]

Wein was born in Lynn, Massachusetts, on October 3, 1925.[2][3] His father, Barnet, worked as a ear, nose, and throat doctor; his mother, Ruth, was an amateur piano player.[2][4] Both of his parents were Jewish.[5] Wein was raised in Newton and began learning the piano when he was eight.[2] He developed a passion for jazz while attending Newton High School,[2] where he formed his first jazz band.[4] He studied at Boston University, where he led a small group which played professionally around Boston. After serving in the U.S. Army during World War II, he graduated from Boston University's College of Liberal Arts in 1950.[6][7]

Career[edit]

After graduation, Wein opened the Storyville jazz club and established the Storyville record label.[4] He also taught a course at Boston University on the history of jazz.[8][9]

In 1954, Louis and Elaine Lorillard invited Wein to organize a festival in their hometown of Newport, Rhode Island, with funding to be provided by them; the festival was the first outdoor jazz festival in the United States[1] and became an annual tradition in Newport. Wein was subsequently instrumental in the founding of a number of festivals in other cities, including the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival,[10] and the Playboy Jazz Festival in Los Angeles, and established the Newport Folk Festival.[4][8] In the 1960s he set up Festival Productions, a company dedicated to promoting large-scale jazz events.[2]

Wein pioneered the idea of corporate sponsorship for his events. His Schlitz Salute to Jazz and Kool Jazz Festival were the first jazz events to put sponsors in the title: Schlitz beer and Kool cigarettes. Festival Productions organizes the JVC Jazz Festival at Newport and JVC Jazz Festivals in New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago, Paris, Warsaw, and Tokyo.[2] Other title sponsors of Festival Productions events include Mellon Bank,[11] Essence magazine,[12] Verizon,[13] Ben & Jerry's, and Dunkin' Donuts.[2]

On June 25, 2019, The New York Times Magazine listed George Wein among hundreds of artists whose material was reportedly destroyed in the 2008 Universal fire.[14]

Awards[edit]

Wein received a wide array of honors for his work with jazz concerts. He received the Patron of the Arts Award from the Studio Museum of Harlem in 1995,[15] and was recognized with an Impact Award from the AARP in 2004.[16] He was decorated with France's Légion d'honneur and appointed a Commandeur de L'Ordre des Arts et Lettres (Commander of the Order of Arts and Literature) by the French government. He has been honored at the White House by two American presidents, Jimmy Carter in 1978 and Bill Clinton in 1993. In 2005, he was named a "Jazz Master" by the National Endowment for the Arts. His autobiography, Myself Among Others: A Life in Music was singled out as 2004's best book about jazz by the Jazz Journalists Association. Wein received honorary degrees from the Berklee College of Music and Rhode Island College of Music, and was a lifetime Honorary Trustee of Carnegie Hall.[17]

Wein was a distinguished member of the Board of Directors Advisory committee of the Jazz Foundation of America. He has also performed and presented at the Jazz Foundation's benefit concert "A Great Night in Harlem". He presented the Saint of Jazz award to Harry Elias of JVC America in 2002.[18]

Personal life[edit]

In 1959, Wein married Joyce Alexander (1928–2005), a gentile of African American descent.[19] The couple established The George and Joyce Wein Collection of African-American Art.[19]

Wein died at his home in Manhattan on September 13, 2021, at age 95.[2][20]

Discography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "George Wein: Dinosaur Walks the Earth" Archived February 15, 2006, at the Wayback Machine AllAboutJazz.com interview, June 2000, Retrieved on April 1, 2007.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Keepnews, Peter (September 13, 2021). "George Wein, Jazz Festival Trailblazer, Is Dead at 95". The New York Times. Retrieved September 13, 2021.
  3. ^ Souther, Jonathan Mark New Orleans on Parade: Tourism and the Transformation of the Crescent City. p. 119.
  4. ^ a b c d Smith, Harrison (August 12, 2021). "George Wein, Newport music festival founder and innovative promoter, dies at 95". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
  5. ^ Cherry, Robert; Griffith, Jennifer (Summer 2014). "Down to Business: Herman Lubinsky and the Postwar Music Industry". Journal of Jazz Studies vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1-24.
  6. ^ Josephs, Larry (September 9, 1954) "Boston Beat". Jewish Advocate. p. 2.
  7. ^ "George Wein Named Honorary Newport Citizen". (August 4, 1966) Jewish Advocate. p. 4.
  8. ^ a b Feeney, Mark (September 13, 2021). "David Roberts, mountaineer and dean of adventure writing, dies at 78". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on September 14, 2021. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
  9. ^ Brown, Joel (May 13, 2015). "Doctor of Humane Letters to Be Awarded to George Wein (CAS'50)". Boston University. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
  10. ^ "Latest news, updates, photos and videos from the New Orleans Jazz Fest." nola.com. New Orleans Net LLC. Web. March 23, 2012.
  11. ^ Persaud, Babita (September 9, 2005). "Verizon's music deal". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on September 14, 2021. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
  12. ^ "Essence In New Orleans: A Festival That Knows Its Audience". NPR. July 9, 2012. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
  13. ^ Magubane, Vukani (March 16, 1986). "Giving Clients a Run for Their Money". The New York Times. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
  14. ^ Rosen, Jody (June 25, 2019). "Here Are Hundreds More Artists Whose Tapes Were Destroyed in the UMG Fire". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2019.
  15. ^ "George Wein, Jazz Impresario: Pianist – Eyes of the Entrepreneurs". New York City: The New School. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
  16. ^ Harris, Craig (July 16, 2008). "New Frontiers in Newport by Craig Harris". The Republican. Springfield, Massachusetts. Archived from the original on September 14, 2021. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
  17. ^ "George Wein". National Endowment for the Arts. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
  18. ^ "A Great night in Harlem : Jazz CD Reviews- September 2002 MusicWeb(UK)". Musicweb-international.com. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
  19. ^ a b Levy, Devra Hall (August 16, 2015). "Joyce Alexander Wein: October 21, 1928 – August 15, 2005". Sue Auclair Promotions.
  20. ^ "George Wein, longtime producer of Newport Folk and Jazz festivals, dies at 95". Newport Daily News. Retrieved September 13, 2021.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "George Wein – Album Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved September 13, 2021.
  22. ^ "George Wein – Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved September 13, 2021.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

  1. ^ Wein, George; Chinen, Nate (February 18, 2009). "Myself Among Others: A Life In Music". Hachette Books – via Google Books.