Johnson & Johnson
|Founded||January 1886New Brunswick, New Jersey, United Statesin|
|Headquarters||One Johnson & Johnson Plaza,|
|Products||See list of Johnson & Johnson products|
|Revenue||US$82.584 billion (2020)|
|US$19.733 billion (2020)|
|US$14.714 billion (2020)|
|Total assets||US$170.693 billion (2020)|
|Total equity||US$64.473 billion (2020)|
Number of employees
Johnson & Johnson (J&J) is an American multinational corporation founded in 1886 that develops medical devices, pharmaceuticals, and consumer packaged goods. Its common stock is a component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the company is ranked No. 36 on the 2021 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. Johnson & Johnson is one of the world's most valuable companies, and is one of only two U.S.-based companies that has a prime credit rating of AAA, higher than that of the United States government.
Johnson & Johnson is headquartered in New Brunswick, New Jersey, the consumer division being located in Skillman, New Jersey. The corporation includes some 250 subsidiary companies with operations in 60 countries and products sold in over 175 countries. Johnson & Johnson had worldwide sales of $82.6 billion during calendar year 2020.  Johnson & Johnson's brands include numerous household names of medications and first aid supplies. Among its well-known consumer products are the Band-Aid Brand line of bandages, Tylenol medications, Johnson's Baby products, Neutrogena skin and beauty products, Clean & Clear facial wash and Acuvue contact lenses. Johnson & Johnson's pharmaceutical arm is Janssen Pharmaceutica.
1873–1885: Before Johnson & Johnson
Robert Wood Johnson began his professional training at age 16 as a pharmaceutical apprentice at an apothecary run by his mother's cousin, James G. Wood, in Poughkeepsie, N.Y.: 12 Johnson co-founded his own company with George Seabury in 1873. The New York-based Seabury & Johnson became known for its medicated plasters.: 675 : 15 Robert Wood Johnson represented the company at the 1876 World's Fair. There he heard Joseph Lister's explanation of a new procedure: antiseptic surgery.: 31 Johnson parted ways with his business partner, Seabury in 1885.: 38
1886: Founding of Johnson & Johnson
Robert Wood Johnson joined his brothers, James Wood Johnson and Edward Mead Johnson, and created a line of ready-to-use sterile surgical dressings in 1886. They founded Johnson & Johnson in 1886: 675 : 38 with 14 employees, eight women and six men.: 43 They manufactured sterile surgical supplies, household products, and medical guides. Those products initially featured a logo that resembled the signature of James Wood Johnson, very similar to the current logo. Robert Wood Johnson served as the first president of the company.: 675
1887–1942: Early history
The company sold medicated plasters such as Johnson & Johnson's Black Perfect Taffeta Court Plaster and also manufactured the world's first sterile surgical products, including sutures, absorbent cotton, and gauze. The company published "Modern Methods of Antiseptic Wound Treatment", a guide on how to do sterile surgery using its products, and in 1888, distributed 85,000 copies to doctors and pharmacists across the United States.: 3–99 The manual was translated into three languages and distributed worldwide. The first commercial first aid kit was designed in 1888 to support railroad construction workers, who were often hundreds of miles from medical care. The kits included antiseptic emergency supplies and directions for field use. In 1901, the company published the Handbook of First Aid, a guide on applying first aid.
In 1889, the company hired pharmacist Fred Kilmer as its first scientific director, who led its scientific research and wrote educational manuals. Kilmer's first achievement as scientific director was developing the industrial sterilization process. He was employed at the company until 1934.
The company introduced the world's first maternity kit in 1894 to aid at-home births. The kit contained antiseptic soap, sanitary napkins, umbilical tape, and Johnson's Baby Powder. The products were later marketed separately, including "Lister's Towels," the world's first mass-produced sanitary napkins. Kilmer wrote "Hygiene in Maternity", an instructional guide for mothers before and after delivery. In 1904, the company expanded its baby care products with "Lister's Sanitary Diapers", a diaper product for infants.
During the Spanish–American War, Johnson & Johnson developed and donated 300,000 packaged compressed surgical dressings for soldiers in the field: 78 and created a trauma stretcher for field medics. The company donated its products in disaster relief efforts of the 1900 Galveston hurricane: 79 and the 1906 San Francisco earthquake.: 81
Johnson & Johnson vaccinated all of its employees against smallpox during the 1901 smallpox epidemic. The firm employed more than 1,200 people by 1910. Women accounted for half of the company's workforce and led a quarter of its departments.
Robert Wood Johnson died in 1910, and he was succeeded as president of the company by his brother James Wood Johnson.: 195
During World War I, Johnson & Johnson factories increased production to meet wartime demands for sterile surgical products. In 1916, the company acquired Chicopee Manufacturing Company in Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts to meet demand.: 129 Near the end of World War I, the 1918 flu pandemic broke out. The company invented and distributed an epidemic mask which helped prevent the spread of the flu.
In 1919, Johnson & Johnson opened the Gilmour Plant near Montreal, its first factory outside of the United States, which produced surgical products for international customers. In 1924 the company's first overseas manufacturing facility was opened in Slough, England.
In 1920, Earle Dickson combined two Johnson & Johnson products, adhesive tape and gauze, to create the first commercial adhesive bandage. Band-Aid Brand Adhesive Bandages began sales the following year. In 1921, the company released Johnson's Baby Soap. Named after its Massachusetts facility, Johnson & Johnson built a textile mill and company town, Chicopee, outside of Gainesville, Georgia.: 170 In the 1930s, the company expanded operations to Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and South Africa. In 1931, Johnson & Johnson introduced the first prescription contraceptive gel marketed as Ortho-Gynol.
During The Great Depression Johnson & Johnson kept all its workers employed and raised wages by five percent.: 191 In 1933, Robert Wood Johnson II wrote a letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt, calling for a federal law to increase wages and reduce hours for all American workers.: 199 The company also opened a new facility in Chicago during that period.: 191 Johnson wrote and distributed "Try Reality: A Discussion of Hours, Wages, and The Industrial Future" to persuade business leaders to follow his lead, advocating that business is more than profit and that companies have responsibilities to consumers, employees, and society. In "Try Reality", the section titled "An Industrial Philosophy" would later become the company's credo.: 224 
In 1935, Johnson's Baby Oil was added to its line of baby products. Both male and female Johnson & Johnson employees were drafted and enlisted during World War II. The company ensured no one would lose their job when they returned home. Robert Wood Johnson II was appointed head of the Smaller War Plants Corporation in Washington, D.C. His work ensured U.S. factories with under 500 employees were awarded government contracts.
1943–44: Credo and going public
In 1943, as the company was preparing for its initial public offering (IPO), Robert Wood Johnson wrote what the company would call, "Our Credo", a defining document that has been used to guide the company's decisions over the years. The company completed its IPO and became a public company in 1944.
1959: McNeil Consumer Healthcare
McNeil Consumer Healthcare was founded on March 16, 1879, by Robert McNeil. In 1904, one of McNeil's sons, Robert Lincoln McNeil, became part of the company, and together they created McNeil Laboratories in 1933. The company focused on the direct marketing of prescription drugs to hospitals, pharmacists, and doctors. The development of acetaminophen began under the leadership of Robert L. McNeil Jr., who later served as the firm's chairman. In 1959, Johnson & Johnson acquired McNeil Laboratories and a year later, the company was able to sell Tylenol for the first time without a prescription.
In 1977, two subsidiary companies were created: McNeil Medicals Products and McNeil Consumer Products Company (also known as McNeil Consumer Healthcare). In 1993, McNeil Medicals Products merged with Ortho Pharmaceutical to form Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical. In 2001, McNeil Consumer Healthcare changed its name to McNeil Consumer & Specialty Medicals Products. The name was later changed to "McNeil Consumer Healthcare".
In 1933, Swiss chemist Bernhard Joos set up a small research laboratory in Schaffhausen, Switzerland. This led to the founding of Chemische Industrie-Labor AG (Chemical Industry Laboratory AG or Cilag) on May 12, 1936. In 1959, Cilag joined Johnson & Johnson. In the early 1990s, the marketing departments of Cilag and Janssen Pharmaceutica joined to form Janssen-Cilag. The non-marketing departments still operate under their original name.
1961: Janssen Pharmaceuticals
In 1933, Constant Janssen, the father of Paul Janssen, acquired the right to distribute the pharmaceutical products of Richter, a Hungarian pharmaceutical company, for Belgium, the Netherlands and Belgian Congo. On October 23, 1934, he founded the N.V. Produkten Richter in Turnhout. After the Second World War, the name was changed to Eupharma, although the original company name Richter would remain until 1956.
In 1956, Paul Janssen founded his own research laboratory within the Richter-Eurpharma company of his father. On 5 April 1956, the name of the company was changed to NV Laboratoria Pharmaceutica C. Janssen (named after Constant Janssen). On May 2, 1958, the research department in Beerse became a separate legal entity known as the N.V. Research Laboratorium C. Janssen. On October 24, 1961, the company was acquired by Johnson & Johnson.
On February 10, 1964, the name was changed to Janssen Pharmaceutica N.V. In 1999, clinical research and non-clinical development became a global organization within Johnson & Johnson. In 2001, a portion of their research activities were reorganized under the Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development organization. in the U.S. The research activities of the Janssen Research Foundation and the R.W. Johnson Pharmaceutical Research Institute were merged into the new global research organization. On October 27, 2004, the Paul Janssen Research Center was founded.
In August 2013, the company acquired Aragon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. In November 2014, the company acquired Alios BioPharma, Inc. for $1.75 billion, and Alios was incorporated into the infectious diseases therapeutic area of Janssen Pharmaceuticals.
The company's CNS products include the ADHD drug Concerta (methylphenidate extended release), and the long-acting injectable antipsychotics Invega Sustenna (paliperidone palmitate) and Risperdal Consta (risperidone). Invega Sustenna and Risperdal Consta were the first widely utilized long-acting depot injections for the treatment of schizophrenia. Designed to address the issue of poor patient compliance with oral therapy, they are administered by intramuscular injection at intervals of two weeks and one month, respectively. Only minimal improvements in outcomes relative to the oral versions of these drugs were observed in the clinical trial setting, but some evidence suggests that the advantages of long-acting injections in clinical practice may be greater than is readily demonstrated in the environment of a clinical trial.
1998: DePuy Synthes
DePuy was acquired by Johnson & Johnson in 1998, rolling it into the Medical Devices group.
In September 2010, Johnson & Johnson announced it had completed the acquisition of Micrus Endovascular, manufacturer of minimally invasive devices for hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes. Micrus operates under Codman Neurovascular, a business unit of Codman & Shurtleff, Inc.
On June 14, 2012, Johnson and Johnson acquired Synthes for $19.7 billion. This acquisition established the DePuy Synthes Companies of Johnson & Johnson, which includes: Codman & Shurteff, Inc., DePuy Mitek, Inc., DePuy Orthopaedics, Inc., and DePuy Spine, Inc. In February 2015, DePuy announced it would acquire Olive Medical Corporation. In May 2016, DePuy Orthopaedics, Inc., acquired Biomedical Enterprises, Inc., an industry leader in small bone fixation. Later in December of the same year, DePuy Synthes announced it would acquire Pulsar Vascular Inc., adding Pulsar to its Codman division.
In January 2017, the company acquired Interventional Spine, Inc. In April 2017, Irish subsidiary DePuy Ireland Unlimited Company announced it would acquire Neuravi, a company with a portfolio of products for hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes, with Codman Neuro behind the deal. In June, DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. announced it would acquire Innovative Surgical Solutions, LLC, bolstering the company's technology for innovative nerve localisation in spinal surgery.
1999: Janssen Biotech, Inc.
Janssen Biotech, Inc., formerly known as Centocor Biotech, Inc., is a biotechnology company that was founded in Philadelphia in 1979. In 1982, Centocor transitioned into a publicly traded company. In 1999, Centocor became a wholly owned subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson. Since the acquisition, Janssen Biotech increased its annual sales from $500 million to more than $2 billion. During the same period, research and development investment increased from $75 million to more than $300 million.
In 2008, Centocor, Inc. and Ortho Biotech Inc. merged to form Centocor Ortho Biotech Inc. In June 2009, Johnson & Johnson, through a new wholly owned subsidiary, Kite Merger Sub, Inc., announced it would purchase all outstanding shares of common stock of Cougar Biotechnology, Inc. for $43.00 in cash or around $970 million. In the same year, Johnson & Johnson Nordic AB acquired Amic, developer of in vitro diagnostic, further strengthening the Ortho-Clinical Diagnostics division.
In June 2010, Centocor Ortho Biotech acquired RespiVert, a privately held drug discovery company focused on developing small-molecule, inhaled therapies for the treatment of pulmonary diseases. In June 2011, Centocor Ortho Biotech changed its name to Janssen Biotech, Inc. as part of a global effort to unite the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies around the world under a common identity. In December 2014, the company announced that it would co-develop MacroGenics cancer drug candidate (MGD011) which targets both CD19 and CD3 proteins in treating B-cell malignant tumours. This could net MacroGenics up to $700 million. In January 2015, the company announced that it will utilize Isis Pharmaceuticals' RNA-targeting technology to discover and develop antisense drugs targeting autoimmune disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, with the partnership potentially generating up to $835 million for Isis. In May 2018, Janssen announced that it would acquire BeneVir Biopharm, Inc. for an undisclosed sum.
In December 2019, XBiotech Inc. announced that it would sell its novel antibody treatment (bermekimab) that neutralizes interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1⍺) to Janssen Biotech, Inc. for $750 million plus up to a further $600 million.
Johnson & Johnson acquired George F. Merson's company in 1947, and it was renamed Ethicon Suture Laboratories. In 1953 this became Ethicon Inc. In 1992, Ethicon was restructured, and Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. became a separate corporation. During the 1990s, Ethicon diversified into new and advanced products and technologies and formed four different companies under the Ethicon umbrella, each of which specializes in different products.
In 2008, J&J announced it would acquire Mentor Corporation for $1 billion and merge its operations into Ethicon. In the same year, Ethicon acquired Omrix Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. for $25 per share, or $438 million in total. In May 2012, Johnson & Johnson (China) Investment Ltd announced it would acquire surgery blood clotting developer, Guangzhou Bioseal Biotechnology Co., Ltd. In March 2016, J&Js Ethicon business unit announced it would acquire NeuWave Medical, Inc. In January 2017, J&J subsidiary Ethicon announced it would acquire Megadyne Medical Products, Inc., and the next month it acquired Torax Medical for an undisclosed sum. In June 2018, the business announced that Advanced Sterilization Products would be sold off to Fortive Corporation for around $2.8 billion.
In February 2019, Johnson & Johnson announced that Ethicon had agreed to acquire surgical robotic company, Auris Health Inc, for $3.4 billion in cash and over $2.3 billion in contingent payments based on performance. In December of the same year, the company announced it would acquire the portion of Verb Surgical Inc, that it did not already own, from Verily, Alphabet's life sciences division.
Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.
Ethicon Endo-Surgery was part of Ethicon Inc. until 1992, when it became a separate corporate entity under the J&J umbrella. In 2008 Ethicon Endo-Surgery acquired tissue sealing system developer, SurgRx, Inc. In September 2011 the business acquired SterilMed, Inc.
In July 2016, J&J announced its intention to acquire the privately held company, Vogue International LLC, boosting Johnson & Johnson Consumer Inc. In September of the same year, J&J announced it would acquire Abbott Medical Optics from Abbott Laboratories for $4.325 billion, adding the new division into Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc.
In January 2017, J&J fought off competition from Sanofi to acquire Swiss drugmaker Actelion. Later in the month J&J announced a $30 billion deal, the largest ever pursued by the company, to purchase the Swiss company Actelion and to spin off its research and development unit, into a separate legal entity. In March, the company declared its tender offer for Swiss biotechnology company Actelion successful on Friday, reporting that Janssen Holding GmbH controlled 77.2 percent of the voting rights after the main offer period, equating to 83,195,346 Actelion shares. In keeping with earlier agreements, the company announced its intention to delist Actelion, while creating the Swiss-based biopharmaceutical company, Idorsia Ltd. J&J will control 16% of Idorsia, with the ability to raise their stake to 32% through convertible notes.
In July 2017, Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc announced that its Abbott Medical Optics subsidiary would acquire TearScience, who recently received U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for an office-based approach to imaging meibomian glands and treating meibomian gland dysfunction. In September, the company acquired subscription-based contact lens startup Sightbox.
In March 2018, the company announced that LifeScan, Inc. would be sold off to Platinum Equity for around $2.1 billion. In September of the same year Johnson & Johnson Medical GmbH acquired Emerging Implant Technologies GmbH, manufacturer of 3D-printed titanium interbody implants for spinal fusion surgery.
In 2019, Johnson & Johnson announced the release of photochromic contact lenses. The lenses adjust to sunlight and help eyes recover from bright light exposure faster. The lenses contain a photochromic additive that adapts visible light amounts filtered to the eyes and are the first to use such additives.
In August 2020, it was announced that Johnson & Johnson is set to buy the biotech company Momenta Pharmaceuticals for $6.5 billion. In a statement, Johnson & Johnson said, "The acquisition was driven by the significant opportunity seen in nipocalimab, along with the scientific capability Janssen is acquiring with the Momenta team."
Johnson & Johnson committed over $1 billion toward the development of a not-for-profit COVID-19 vaccine in partnership with the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA) Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR) at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). Paul Stoffels of Johnson & Johnson said, "In order to go fast, the people of Johnson & Johnson are committed to do this and all together we say we're going to do this not for profit. That's the fastest and the best way to find all the collaborations in the world to make this happen so we commit to bring this at a not-for-profit level."
Janssen Vaccines, in partnership with Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC), is responsible for developing the vaccine candidate, based on the same technology used to make its Ebola vaccine. The vaccine candidate is expected to enter phase 1 human clinical study in September 2020.
Demand for the product Tylenol surged two to four times normal levels in March 2020. In response, the company increased production globally. For example, the Tylenol plant in Puerto Rico ran 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
In response to the shortage of ventilators, Ethicon, with Prisma Health, made and distributed the VESper Ventilator Expansion Splitter, which uses 3D printing technology, to allow one ventilator to support two patients.
In April 2020, Johnson & Johnson entered a partnership with Catalent who will provide large-scale manufacturing of J&J's vaccine at Catalent's Bloomington facility. The partnership was expanded to include Catalent's Italian facility in July 2020.
In June 2020, Johnson & Johnson and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) confirmed its intention to start a clinical trials of J&J's vaccine in September 2020, with the possibility of Phase 1/2a human clinical trials starting at an accelerated pace in the second half of July.
In July 2020, Johnson & Johnson pledged to deliver up to 300 million doses of its vaccine to the U.S., with 100 million upfront and an option for 200 million more. The deal, worth more than $1 billion, will be funded by the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA) and the U.S. Defense Department.
On 5 August 2020, the US government agreed to pay more than $1 billion to Johnson and Johnson (medical device company) for the production of 100 million doses of COVID-19 vaccine. As part of the agreed-upon deal, the U.S. can order up to 200 million additional doses of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine.
In September 2020, Johnson & Johnson started its 60,000-person phase 3 adenovirus-based vaccine trial. The trial was paused on October 12, 2020, because a volunteer became ill, but the company said it found no evidence that the vaccine had caused the illness and announced on October 23, 2020, that it would resume the trial.
In September 2020, Grand River Aseptic Manufacturing agreed with Johnson & Johnson, to support the manufacture of its SARS-CoV-2 vaccine candidate, including technology transfer and fill and finish manufacture.
On 29 January 2021, Johnson & Johnson released an efficacy report that is based on data from the Phase 3 trial of its vaccine According to the data, the company's new vaccine, which is a single shot compared to Pfizer/BioNTech's or Moderna's two-shot treatment, is 66% effective overall regarding preventing moderate to severe forms of COVID-19 in people who received the shot, and 85% effective regarding its ability to prevent severe forms of the disease.
In March 2021, workers at an Emergent BioSolutions plant in Baltimore, Maryland conflated the ingredients of two COVID-19 vaccines, causing about 15 million doses of Johnson & Johnson's vaccine to be ruined. The mix-up, which federal officials attributed to human error, delayed future shipments of the vaccine.
In April 2021, federal health agencies called for a halt in distributing the Johnson & Johnson vaccine due to the emergence of a rare blood clotting in six recipients. These cases were determined as cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (a "rare and severe" blood clot) in combination with low levels of blood platelets (thrombocytopenia) and affected six women between the ages of 18 and 48 who had recently received the vaccine. Their symptoms occurred 6–13 days after they had received the vaccination, and it was reported that one woman had died and a second woman had been hospitalized in critical condition. The agencies stated that these adverse events "appear to be extremely rare", but the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) would convene on April 14 to investigate the reports.
On June 11, 2021, the FDA announced that approximately 60 million J&J vaccine doses from a troubled plant in Baltimore must be disposed of. A remaining 10 million doses from the plant are still allowed for distribution; however, this comes with a warning that "regulators cannot guarantee that Emergent BioSolutions, the company that operates the plant, followed good manufacturing practices."
The company's business is divided into three major business sectors: Pharmaceuticals, Medical Devices, and Consumer Health. In 2020, these segments contributed 55%, 28%, and 17%, respectively, of the company's total revenues.
|Pharmaceuticals||Medical Devices||Consumer Health|
Cardiovascular & Metabolic Disease
Infectious Diseases & Vaccines
Surgery (General & Advanced)
Over the Counter Medicines
The Pharmaceutical segment is focused on six therapeutic areas: Immunology (rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease and psoriasis); Infectious Diseases (HIV/AIDS); Neuroscience (mood disorders, neurodegenerative disorders and schizophrenia); Oncology (prostate cancer and hematologic malignancies); Cardiovascular, Metabolism, & Retina (thrombosis and diabetes), and Pulmonary Hypertension (Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension).
The Cardiovascular & Specialty Solutions Group includes electrophysiology products that diagnose and treat cardiac arrhythmias; devices used in the endovascular treatment of hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke; solutions that focus on breast reconstruction and aesthetics, and ear, nose and throat procedures.
The orthopaedics portfolio is composed of specialties including joint reconstruction, trauma, extremities, craniomaxillofacial, spinal surgery and sports medicine, in addition to the VELY digital surgery portfolio.
The surgery portfolio includes advanced surgical innovations and solutions such as sutures, staplers, energy devices, and advanced hemostats along with interventional ablation, surgical robotics, and digital solutions.
The Consumer Health Business Sector includes a broad range of products focused on personal healthcare used in the skin health/beauty, over-the-counter medicines, baby care, oral care, women’s health, and wound care markets. It comprises skin health/beauty, self-care, and essential health categories.
For the fiscal year 2018, Johnson & Johnson reported earnings of $15.3 billion, with an annual revenue of $81.6 billion, an increase of 6.7% over the previous fiscal cycle. Johnson & Johnson's shares traded at over $126 per share, and its market capitalization was valued at over $367.5 billion in September 2018.
in mil. US$
in mil. US$
The current members of the board of directors of Johnson & Johnson for 2020 are: Alex Gorsky, Mary C. Beckerle, D. Scott Davis, Ian E. L. Davis, Jennifer A. Doudna, Mark B. McClellan, Anne M. Mulcahy, William D. Perez, Charles Prince, A. Eugene Washington, Marillyn A. Hewson, Hubert Joly, and Ronald A. Williams. and Mark Weinberger.
The current members of the Executive Committee of Johnson & Johnson are: Joseph Wolk (the company's chief financial officer from 2014), Peter Fasolo, Ashley McEvoy, Thibaut Mongon, Paul Stoffels, and Michael Sneed, Jennifer Taubert, Michael Ullmann, and Kathy Wengel.
On July 2, 2018, Johnson & Johnson's head of pharmaceuticals, Joaquin Duato, became the vice-chairman of the executive committee.
- Robert Wood Johnson I (1887–1910)
- James Wood Johnson (1910–1932)
- Robert Wood Johnson II (1932–1963)
- Philip B. Hofmann (1963–1973)
- Richard B. Sellars (1973–1976)
- James E. Burke (1976–1989)
- Ralph S. Larsen (1989–2002)
- William C. Weldon (2002–2012)
- Alex Gorsky (2012–present)
Headquarters and the New Brunswick gentrification
The company has historically been located on the Delaware and Raritan Canal in New Brunswick. The company considered moving its headquarters out of New Brunswick in the 1960s but decided to stay in the town after city officials promised to revitalize downtown New Brunswick by demolishing old buildings and constructing new ones. While New Brunswick lost many historic structures, including the early home of Rutgers University, and most of its historic commercial waterfront to the redevelopment effort, the gentrification did attract people back to New Brunswick. Johnson & Johnson hired Henry N. Cobb from Pei Cobb Freed & Partners to design its new headquarters. Johnson and Johnson Plaza, in a park across the railroad tracks from the older portion of the headquarters, is one of tallest buildings in New Brunswick.
The stretch of Delaware and Raritan canal by the company's headquarters was replaced by a stretch of Route 18 in the late 1970s, after a lengthy dispute. In 2002, the company released its plan of setting up Asia-Pacific information technology headquarters in New South Wales within five years.
Johnson & Johnson has set several positive goals to keep the company environmentally friendly and was ranked third among the United States's largest companies in Newsweek's "Green Rankings". Some examples are the reduction in water use, waste, and energy use and an increased level of transparency. Johnson & Johnson agreed to change its packaging of plastic bottles used in the manufacturing process, switching their packaging of liquids to non-polyvinyl chloride containers. The corporation is working with the Climate Northwest Initiative and the EPA National Environmental Performance Track program. As a member of the national Green Power Partnership, Johnson & Johnson operates the largest solar power generator in Pennsylvania at its site in Spring House, Pennsylvania.
Recalls and litigation
1982 Chicago Tylenol murders
On September 29, 1982, a "Tylenol scare" began when the first of seven individuals died in Chicago metropolitan area, after ingesting Extra Strength Tylenol that had been deliberately laced with cyanide. Within a week, the company pulled 31 million bottles of capsules back from retailers, making it one of the first major recalls in American history. The incident led to reforms in the packaging of over-the-counter substances and to federal anti-tampering laws. The case remains unsolved and no suspects have been charged. Johnson & Johnson's quick response, including a nationwide recall, was widely praised by public relations experts and the media and was the gold standard for corporate crisis management.
2010 children's product recall
On April 30, 2010, McNeil Consumer Healthcare, a subsidiary of Johnson and Johnson, voluntarily recalled 43 over-the-counter children's medicines, including Tylenol, Tylenol Plus, Motrin, Zyrtec and Benadryl. The recall was conducted after a routine inspection at a manufacturing facility in Fort Washington, Pennsylvania, United States revealed that some "products may not fully meet the required manufacturing specifications". Affected products may contain a "higher concentration of active ingredients" or exhibit other manufacturing defects. Products shipped to Canada, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Guam, Guatemala, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Panama, Trinidad and Tobago, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and Fiji were included in the recall. In a statement, Johnson & Johnson said "a comprehensive quality assessment across its manufacturing operations" was underway. A dedicated website was established by the company listing affected products and other consumer information.
2010 hip-replacement recall
On August 24, 2010, DePuy, a subsidiary of American giant Johnson & Johnson, recalled its ASR (articular surface replacement) hip prostheses from the market. DePuy said the recall was due to unpublished National Joint Registry data showing a 12% revision rate for resurfacing at five years and an ASR XL revision rate of 13%. All hip prostheses fail in some patients, but it is expected that the rate will be about 1% a year. Pathologically, the failing prosthesis had several effects. Metal debris from wear of the implant led to a reaction that destroyed the soft tissues surrounding the joint, leaving some patients with long term disability. Ions of cobalt and chromium – the metals from which the implant was made – were also released into the blood and cerebral spinal fluid in some patients.
In March 2013, a jury in Los Angeles ordered Johnson & Johnson to pay more than $8.3 million in damages to a Montana man in the first of more than 10,000 lawsuits pending against the company in connection with the now-recalled DePuy hip.
Some lawyers and industry analysts have estimated that the suits ultimately will cost Johnson & Johnson billions of dollars to resolve.
2010 Tylenol recall
In 2010 and 2011, Johnson & Johnson voluntarily recalled some over-the-counter products, including Tylenol, due to an odor caused by tribromoanisole. In this case, 2,4,6-tribromophenol was used to treat wooden pallets on which product packaging materials were transported and stored.
In 2010 a group of shareholders sued the board for allegedly failing to take action to prevent serious failings and illegalities since the 1990s, including manufacturing problems, bribing officials, covering up adverse effects and misleading marketing for unapproved uses. The judge initially dismissed the case in September 2011, but allowed the plaintiffs opportunity to refile at a later time. In 2012 Johnson and Johnson proposed a settlement with the shareholders, whereby the company would institute new oversight, quality and compliance procedures binding for five years.
Illegal marketing of Risperdal
Juries in several US states have found J&J guilty of concealing the adverse effects of Janssen Pharmaceuticals' antipsychotic medication Risperdal, produced by its unit, in order to promote it to doctors and patients as better than cheaper generics, and of falsely marketing it for treating patients with dementia. States that have awarded damages include Texas ($158 million), South Carolina ($327 million), Louisiana ($258 million), and most notably Arkansas ($1.2 billion).
In 2010, the United States Department of Justice joined a whistleblowers suit accusing the company of illegally marketing Risperdal through Omnicare, the largest company supplying pharmaceuticals to nursing homes. The allegations include that J&J were warned by the FDA to not promote Risperdal as effective and safe for elderly patients, but they did so, and that they paid Omnicare to promote the drug to care home physicians. The settlement was finalized on November 4, 2013, with J&J agreeing to pay a penalty of around $2.2 billion, "including criminal fines and forfeiture totaling $485 million and civil settlements with the federal government and states totaling $1.72 billion".
Johnson & Johnson has also been subject to congressional investigations related to payments given to psychiatrists to promote its products and ghost write articles, notably Joseph Biederman and his pediatric bipolar disorder research unit.
In 2011, J&J settled litigation brought by the US Securities and Exchange Commission under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and paid around $70M in disgorgement and fines. J&J's employees had given kickbacks and bribes to doctors in Greece, Poland, and Romania to obtain business selling drugs and medical devices and had bribed officials in Iraq to win contracts under the Oil for Food program. J&J fully cooperated with the investigation once the problems came to light.
Consumer fraud settlements
Use of the Red Cross symbol
Johnson & Johnson registered the Red Cross as a U.S. trademark for "medicinal and surgical plasters" in 1905 and has used the design since 1887. The Geneva Conventions, which reserved the Red Cross emblem for specific uses, were first approved in 1864 and ratified by the United States in 1882. However, the emblem was not protected by U.S. law for the use of the American Red Cross and the U.S. military until after Johnson & Johnson had obtained its trademark. A clause in this law (now 18 U.S.C. 706) permits this pre-existing use of the Red Cross to continue.
A declaration made by the U.S. upon its ratification of the 1949 Geneva Conventions includes a reservation that pre-1905 U.S. domestic uses of the Red Cross, such as Johnson & Johnson's, would remain lawful as long as the cross is not used on "aircraft, vessels, vehicles, buildings or other structures, or upon the ground," i.e., uses which could be confused with its military uses. This means that the U.S. did not agree to any interpretation of the 1949 Geneva Conventions that would overrule Johnson & Johnson's trademark. The American Red Cross continues to recognize the validity of Johnson & Johnson's trademark.
In August 2007, Johnson & Johnson filed a lawsuit against the American Red Cross (ARC), demanding that the charity halt the use of the red cross symbol on products it sells to the public, though the company takes no issue with the charity's use of the mark for non-profit purposes. In May 2008, the judge in the case dismissed most of Johnson & Johnson's claims, and a month later the two organizations announced a settlement had been reached in which both parties would continue to use the symbol.
Boston Scientific lawsuits
Since 2003, Johnson & Johnson and Boston Scientific have both claimed that the other had infringed on their patents covering heart stent medical devices. The litigation was settled when Boston Scientific agreed to pay $716 million to Johnson & Johnson in September 2009 and an additional $1.73 billion in February 2010. Their dispute was renewed in 2014, now on the grounds of a contract dispute.
Patent-infringement case against Abbott
In 2007, Johnson & Johnson sued Abbott Laboratories over the development and sale of the arthritis drug Humira, claiming Abbott used technology licensed exclusively to Johnson & Johnson's Centocor division. Johnson & Johnson won the court case, and in 2009 Abbott was ordered to pay Johnson & Johnson $1.17 billion in lost revenues and $504 million in royalties. The judge also added $175.6 million in interest to bring the total to $1.84 billion. This was the largest patent-infringement award in U.S. history until the 2013 decision against Teva in favor of Takeda and Pfizer for over $2.1 billion. In 2010 Abbott appealed the verdict and in 2011 won the appeal.
Vaginal mesh implants
Tens of thousands of women worldwide have taken legal action against Johnson & Johnson after suffering serious complications following a vaginal mesh implant procedure. In 2016 the U.S. states of California and Washington filed a lawsuit against the company, accusing it of deception. More than 700 women began a class action against the company in the Federal Court of Australia in 2017, telling the court they "suffered irreparable, debilitating pain after the devices began to erode into surrounding tissue and organs, causing infections and complications". The class action alleged that Johnson & Johnson, which "aggressively marketed" the implants "failed to properly warn patients and surgeons of the risk, or test the devices adequately". Emails between executives show the company was aware of the risks in 2005 but still went ahead and made the product available.
In October 2019, the company and its subsidiary, Ethicon, Inc. reached a settlement with 41 states and the District of Columbia, with no admission of liability, in a suit alleging deceptive marketing of transvaginal surgical-mesh devices. The suit also alleges that the company failed to disclose risks associated with the product, which J&J pulled from the market in 2012. The amount settled in the suit was about $117 million.
J&J has been the subject of over 26,000 lawsuits claiming that its baby powder causes ovarian cancer. The lawsuits focus on claims that the talc-based powder is contaminated with asbestos, a known carcinogen commonly found in places where talc is mined.
In February 2016, J&J was ordered to pay $72 million in damages to the family of Jacqueline Fox, a 62-year-old woman who died of ovarian cancer in 2015. The company said it would appeal.
By March 2017, over 1,000 U.S. women had sued J&J for covering up the possible cancer risk from its Baby Powder product. The company says that 70% of its Baby Powder is used by adults. In August, a California jury ordered Johnson & Johnson to pay $417 million to a woman who claimed she developed ovarian cancer after using the company's talc-based products like Johnson's Baby Powder for feminine hygiene. The verdict included $70 million in compensatory damages and $347 million in punitive damages. J&J said they would appeal the verdict. The Missouri Eastern District appeals court later negated a $72 million jury verdict in the Jacqueline Fox lawsuit, ruling it lacked jurisdiction in Missouri because of a U.S. Supreme Court decision that imposed limits on where injury lawsuit can be filed. The court said, "... establishing a lawsuit's jurisdiction requires a stronger connection between the forum state and a plaintiff's claims." Subsequently, this ruling killed three other recent St. Louis jury verdicts of more than $200 million combined. Fox, 62, of Birmingham, Alabama, died in 2015, about four months before her trial was held in St. Louis Circuit Court. She was among 65 plaintiffs, of whom only two were from Missouri.
In July 2018, a St. Louis jury awarded nearly $4.7 billion in damages to 22 women and their families after they claimed that asbestos in Johnson & Johnson talcum powder caused their ovarian cancer. In August, J&J said that it removed several chemicals from baby powder products and re-engineered them to make consumers more confident that products were safer for children. The company was forced to release internal documents in December, with 11,700 people suing J&J over cancers allegedly caused by baby powder. The documents showed that the company had known about asbestos contamination since at least as early as 1971 and had spent decades finding ways to conceal the evidence from the public. On December 19, 2018, the company lost its request to reverse a jury verdict that ruled in favor of the accusers, which required the company to pay $4.14 billion in punitive damages and $550 million in compensatory damages. Though asbestos is a known carcinogen, the potential link between asbestos-free talc and cancer also alleged in these lawsuits is a subject of scientific controversy, as discussed on the Neurologica blog by Steven Novella. A large study performed in 2003 found that ovarian cancer risk increased from a baseline of 0.0121% to 0.0161% in people who reported regularly using talc in the genital area. Two more studies over the next twelve years, which also relied on self-reporting, had similar results. However, none of the three studies showed a relationship between how long someone used talc and how much their cancer risk increased, which is expected in experiments with carcinogens and other toxic substances (see dose-response relationship).
Conversely, in December the following year, a St. Louis jury ruled in favor of Johnson & Johnson in the case of a single plaintiff who had used the company's talc-containing baby powder for thirty years with a similar claim. In 2019, the company's CEO, Alex Gorsky, declined to appear at a United States congressional hearing on the safety of J&J's Baby Powder and other talc-based cosmetics. J&J spokesman Ernie Knewitz said that the subcommittee had rejected the company's offers to send a talc testing expert or a J&J executive in charge of consumer products. In response to declining demand, J&J announced it would discontinue the sale of talc-based baby powder in the United States and Canada in May 2020, but would continue to sell it in other markets. In a statement, the company said that the existing retail inventory of the talc-based powder will sell until it runs out, while the company's cornstarch-based baby powder will continue to sell in the United States and Canada.
In June 2021, the Supreme Court of the United States refused to consider an appeal from J&J, leaving in place a judgment from a state appeal court that had cut the original award to $2.1 billion. Two of the justices had to recuse: Samuel Alito because either he and/or his wife owning or recently owning stock in J&J, and Brett Kavanaugh, whose father led an industry group lobbying against safety warnings on talc products. Representing the affected women during the trial, Mark Lanier remarked that the Supreme Court's decision sent "a clear message to the rich and powerful: You will be held to account when you cause grievous harm under our system of equal justice under law.” J&J had argued that the combined claims in the St. Louis trial were too different, yet the short jury deliberation and identical payouts were, therefore, a violation of the company's due process and also that the high punitive award was unconstitutional.
On October 14, 2021, Johnson & Johnson subsidiary LTL Management LLC, using a process called a Texas divisional merger, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in North Carolina. The process allowed by Texas law lets a company create a separate subsidiary to take over liabilities, with the existing company operating normally. The new company, with a different name, can locate in a state such as North Carolina where bankruptcy laws are different, and then declare bankruptcy, paying less than the original company would have. In the case of LTL, a $2 billion trust will be created, compared to $25 billion if Johnson & Johnson had declared bankruptcy. According to the filing, a company known as Old JJCI took on the baby powder related liabilities in 1979, while Johnson & Johnson remained a defendant. LTL and New JJCI were created with LTL taking the baby powder related liabilities and some assets, and New JJCI taking the remaining assets. Johnson & Johnson says LTL is now based in New Jersey.
By 2018, the company had become embroiled in the opioid epidemic in the United States and had become a target of lawsuits. Over 500 opioid-related cases have been filed as of May 2018 against J&J and its competitors. In Idaho, J&J is part of a lawsuit accusing the company for being partially to blame for opioid-related overdose deaths. The first major trial began in Oklahoma in May 2019. On August 26, 2019, the Oklahoma judge ordered J&J to pay $572 million for their part in the opioid crisis, and in October J&J paid $20.4 million to two Ohio counties fighting the opioid epidemic.
Northeastern Ohio Settlement
In October 2019, the company agreed to a settlement of $20.4 million with two Ohio counties – Cuyahoga (Cleveland) and Summit (Akron). The settlement allows the company avoidance of a trial accusing J&J and many other pharmaceutical manufacturers of helping to spark the US opioid epidemic. The trial, scheduled for October 2019, was thought to be an indicator for thousands of opioid-related lawsuits against many drug manufacturers. The arrangement, which contains no admission of liability by the company, provides the counties $10 million in cash, $5 million for legal expenses and $5.4 million in contributions to opioid-related non-profit organizations in the counties.
- "Alex Gorsky". Johnson & Johnson. Archived from the original on June 15, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
- "Paul Stoffels, M.D." Content Lab U.S. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
- "Joaquin Duato". Content Lab U.S. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
- ""CURRENT REPORT 2020" Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of The Securities Exchange Act of 1934(Form 8-K)". January 26, 2021. Retrieved February 4, 2021.
- "Johnson & Johnson Financial Statements 2005-2020 | JNJ". www.macrotrends.net. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
- "Johnson & Johnson: Number of Employees 2006-2021 | JNJ". www.macrotrends.net. Retrieved June 18, 2021.
- "Fortune 500". Fortune. Retrieved June 18, 2021.
- "S&P revises J&J's outlook to negative after $1.5B boost to legal reserve". S&P. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
- "What Do AA+ and AAA Credit Ratings Mean?". Investopedia. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
- "Sovereign ratings wrap: S&P affirms US at AA+; Fitch cuts South Africa to BB". S&P. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
- "SEC Filing | Johnson & Johnson". johnsonandjohnson.gcs-web.com. Retrieved June 18, 2021.
- "Where the 4 major COVID vaccines currently stand". Fortune. Retrieved November 15, 2020.
- "Carbondale Area Native Founded Johnson & Johnson". The Times-Tribune. November 12, 2000. p. 129. Retrieved October 28, 2020.
- Foster LG (1999). The Gentleman Rebel. Lillian Press. ISBN 0966288203.
- Ingham JN (1983). Biographical Dictionary of American Business Leaders. 2. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0313239088.
- Rutkow I (June 2013). "Joseph Lister and his 1876 tour of America". Annals of Surgery. 257 (6): 1181–7. doi:10.1097/SLA.0b013e31826d9116. PMID 23059499. S2CID 389275.
- "World's Fair in Philadelphia : Johnson & Johnson Our Story". ourstory.jnj.com. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
- "History of Johnson & Johnson – TheStreet". www.thestreet.com. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
- Warner S (April 10, 2005). "From Band-Aids To Biotech (Published 2005)". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
- Pharmaceutische Rundschau. Volume 6. Harvard University: Fr. Hoffmann. 1888. p. 181.
|volume=has extra text (help)
- McDonnell G (2020). Block's Disinfection, Sterilization, and Preservation. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 978-1496381507.
- Pickersgill HE (1921). Frederick Barnett Kilmer in History of Middlesex County, New Jersey 1664- 1920. New York and Chicago: Lewis Historical Publishing Company.
- "1893, 1907, 1929 and Today". Kilmer House. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
- "Lister's Towels, Johnson & Johnson, ads at MUM". www.mum.org. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
- "How did companies sell 'unmentionable' sanitary towels?". BBC News. February 26, 2020. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
- Red Cross Notes. Johnson & Johnson. 1898.
- "Facts about disposable diapers as P&G celebrates 50 years in Cape County". Southeast Missourian. Retrieved October 28, 2020.
- "Peril of City Factories". Daily Home News. New Brunswick, N.J. March 28, 1911.
- "World War I Centennial: How the Great War Changed Johnson & Johnson". Kilmer House. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
- "About Us". Chicopee Solutions. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
- "Epidemic Mask – Johnson & Johnson Our Story". ourstory.jnj.com. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
- "History of Johnson & Johnson – FundingUniverse". www.fundinguniverse.com. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
- Marketing Communications. 1921.
- Sengupta N. "Johnson & Johnson: Caring for People, Worldwide" (PDF). Shri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara Institute for Management Development. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
- "1936 Magazine Print Advertisement Ortho Gynol Feminine Jelly Johnson and Johnson". Advintage Plus. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
- LIFE. Time Inc. August 9, 1943.
- "Old School Products That Still Rock". www.yahoo.com. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
- "First Peacetime Draft Enacted Just Before World War II". U.S. Department of Defense. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
- "World War I Draft Registration Cards". National Archives. August 15, 2016. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
- "Johnson & Johnson Helped by the Healing Powers of Innovation, the Johnson Family Found a Health-Care Empire Inside the Family Medicine Chest. That's Opened up Endless Opportunities. April 1, 2003". money.cnn.com. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
- "Robert Wood Johnson, 74, Dies; Chairman of Johnson & Johnson; Founder's Son Led Company until 1963 No. 2 Man on War Production Board (Published 1968)". The New York Times. January 31, 1968. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
- "Our Credo". Content Lab U.S. Retrieved November 29, 2020.
- Todd S (April 26, 2012). "Johnson & Johnson's new CEO emphasizes company credo at shareholder's meeting". NJ.com. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- Carmichael T (December 31, 2019). "If You Invested $10,000 in Johnson & Johnson's IPO, This Is How Much Money You'd Have Now". fool.com. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- Singer N (June 3, 2010). "Robert L. McNeil Jr., Chemist Who Introduced Tylenol, Dies at 94". The New York Times. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
- "FDA: Establishment Inspection Report, McNeil Consumer Healthcare".
- "About Us : Cilag AG". www.cilag.ch. 2021. Retrieved April 8, 2021.
- Cilag 1936-2006: Geschichte eines Schaffhauser Pharmaunternehmens. Zurich: Chronos Verlag. 2020. ISBN 9783034007924.
- Watson R (2003). "Paul Janssen". BMJ : British Medical Journal. 327 (7426): 1290. doi:10.1136/bmj.327.7426.1290. PMC 286262.
- Ban TA (August 2004). "Paul Adriaan Jan Janssen, 1926–2003". Neuropsychopharmacology. 29 (8): 1579–1580. doi:10.1038/sj.npp.1300423. ISSN 1740-634X.
- Saxon W (November 13, 2003). "Dr. Paul Janssen, 77, Dies; Founder of a Drug Company". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
- "J&J Closes Aragon Pharmaceuticals Deal". San Diego Business Journal. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
- "Alios BioPharma From Startup To Big Pharma". www.lifescienceleader.com. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
- Kaplan G, Casoy J, Zummo J (2013). "Impact of long-acting injectable antipsychotics on medication adherence and clinical, functional, and economic outcomes of schizophrenia". Patient Preference and Adherence. 7: 1171–80. doi:10.2147/PPA.S53795. PMC 3833623. PMID 24265549.
- Kane JM, Kishimoto T, Correll CU (August 2013). "Assessing the comparative effectiveness of long-acting injectable vs. oral antipsychotic medications in the prevention of relapse provides a case study in comparative effectiveness research in psychiatry". Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 66 (8 Suppl): S37-41. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2013.01.012. PMC 3742035. PMID 23849151.
- Fusar-Poli P, Kempton MJ, Rosenheck RA (March 2013). "Efficacy and safety of second-generation long-acting injections in schizophrenia: a meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials". International Clinical Psychopharmacology. 28 (2): 57–66. doi:10.1097/YIC.0b013e32835b091f. PMID 23165366. S2CID 24778797.
- "Johnson & Johnson Completes Acquisition of Micrus Endovascular Corporation". BioSpace.
- "Johnson & Johnson Announces Completion of Synthes Acquisition". www.jnjmedicaldevices.com.
- "Depuy Synthes Companies Acquires Olive Medical Corporation". Content Lab – U.S.
- "DePuy Synthes Companies Announces Acquisition Of Biomedical Enterprises, Inc., A Leader In Small Bone Fixation". Content Lab – U.S.
- "Codman Neuro Announces Acquisition Of Pulsar Vascular Inc., Expanding Neurovascular Treatment For Patients With Complex Aneurysms". Content Lab – U.S.
- "Johnson & Johnson's DePuy Synthes Buys Technology From Interventional Spine for Undisclosed Sum". BioSpace.
- "Johnson & Johnson moves for Irish medical firm".
- Coyle D. "Johnson & Johnson buys Irish stroke care firm in multimillion euro deal". The Irish Times.
- "DePuy Synthes Announces Acquisition of Sentio, LLC to Enable Innovation in Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery". www.jnj.com.
- "Johnson & Johnson (JOBS) to Acquire Cougar Biotechnology, Inc. for About $970 Million". BioSpace.
- "Johnson & Johnson Begins Tender Offer to Acquire Cougar Biotechnology, Inc". BioSpace.
- "Johnson & Johnson Nordic AB Acquires Amic Gains Access to In Vitro Diagnostic Technologies in Development for Use in Point-of-Care Settings". BioSpace.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 5, 2010. Retrieved June 1, 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- www.bizjournals.com https://www.bizjournals.com/philadelphia/blog/john-george/2011/06/remicade-maker-centocor-ortho-biotech.html. Retrieved May 24, 2020. Missing or empty
- "Janssen Joins MacroGenics in Up-to-$700M Cancer Collaboration". GEN. December 22, 2014.
- "Janssen, Isis Pharma Ink Up-to-$835M Antisense Agreement". GEN. January 5, 2015.
- "Janssen to Acquire BeneVir Biopharm to Advance Immunotherapy Regimens". Content Lab – U.S.
- "XBiotech Announces Agreement to Sell True Human Antibody Bermekimab Targeting IL-1a to Janssen". BioSpace.
- "Janssen to Acquire Investigational Bermekimab from XBiotech". BioSpace.
- "ETHICON History". www.ethiconproducts.co.uk. Archived from the original on January 10, 2016. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- "A history of advancing surgery". www.ethicon.com. Ethicon U.S., LLC. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- "Johnson & Johnson Announces Definitive Agreement to Acquire Mentor Corporation". Archived from the original on December 13, 2018. Retrieved February 3, 2019.
- "Johnson & Johnson Announces Receipt of Israeli Antitrust Approval for Acquisition of Omrix Biopharmaceuticals, Inc". BioSpace.
- "Johnson & Johnson (JOBS) Acquire Omrix Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. for $438 Million". BioSpace.
- "Johnson & Johnson Acquires Medical Device Maker in China". BioSpace.
- "Ethicon Announces Agreement To Acquire NeuWave Medical, Inc". FierceMedicalDevices. Archived from the original on March 11, 2016.
- "Ethicon Announces Acquisition of Megadyne Medical Products, Inc". Content Lab – U.S.
- "Johnson & Johnson subsidiary buys Torax Medical". Star Tribune.
- "Johnson & Johnson Announces Binding Offer from Fortive Corporation to Acquire Advanced Sterilization Products (ASP)". Content Lab – U.S.
- Mishra, Manas (February 13, 2019). "Johnson & Johnson to buy surgical robotics firm Auris for $3.4 billion". Reuters – via uk.reuters.com.
- "Johnson & Johnson Snaps up Surgical Robotics Company Auris Health for $3.4 Billion". BioSpace.
- "Johnson & Johnson Announces Agreement to Acquire Auris Health, Inc". Content Lab – U.S.
- Reuters Staff (December 20, 2019). "J&J to buy remaining stake in Verb Surgical to strengthen digital surgery portfolio". Reuters – via uk.reuters.com.
- "Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Completes Acquisition of SurgRx, Inc". BioSpace.
- "Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. to Acquire SterilMed". BioSpace.
- Eva von Schaper; Ellen Gibson (October 6, 2010). "J&J, Crucell Reach Agreement on $2.4 Billion Takeover". Bloomberg.com.
- "Johnson & Johnson Completes Tender Offer for Crucell N.V. and Declares Offer Unconditional". BioSpace.
- "Biosense Webster, Inc. Announces Acquisition of Coherex Medical, Inc". Content Lab – U.S.
- "Johnson & Johnson Announces Completion of Acquisition of Vogue International LLC". Content Lab – U.S.
- "Johnson & Johnson Announces Agreement to Acquire Abbott Medical Optics". Content Lab – U.S.
- Johnson LA (January 24, 2018). "Johnson & Johnson Loses $10.7 B After Sweeping U.S. Tax Changes". Drug Discovery & Development Magazine. Associated Press. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
- "Johnson & Johnson to buy Actelion for $30 billion, spin off R&D unit". Reuters. January 26, 2017. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
- Roland D, Rockoff JD (January 26, 2017), Johnson & Johnson to Acquire Actelion in $30 Billion Deal, Wall Street Journal, retrieved January 27, 2017
- "BRIEF-Johnson & Johnson says Janssen Holding to acquire all publicly held shares of Actelion for $280 per share". Reuters. March 31, 2017.
- "J&J declares Actelion tender offer a success, sees closing in second quarter". Reuters. March 31, 2017.
- "Johnson & Johnson (JNJ) Declares $30B Actelion Tender Successful; Controls 77.% of Voting Rights".
- "Integra to buy J&J's Codman neurosurgery business for $1.05 billion". Reuters. February 15, 2017. Retrieved October 6, 2021.
- "Johnson & Johnson Vision to acquire TearScience". www.healio.com.
- "Johnson & Johnson acquires subscription-based contact lens startup Sightbox". September 19, 2017.
- "Johnson & Johnson Announces Binding Offer from Platinum Equity to Acquire LifeScan, Inc". Content Lab – U.S.
- "Johnson & Johnson Medical GmbH Acquires Emerging Implant Technologies GmbH to Enhance Global Offering of Interbody Spine Implants". BioSpace.
- "www.fda.gov". March 24, 2020.
- "SPRAVATO – Overview". Janssen CarePath. January 29, 2019. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
- "FDA clears first contact lens with light-adaptive technology". National Center for Toxicological Research. FDA. March 18, 2019. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
- Aliaj O, Fontanella-Khan J (August 19, 2020). "Johnson & Johnson to buy biotech Momenta in $6.5bn deal". Financial Times. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
- Vecchione, Anthony (March 13, 2020). "J&J collaborates to accelerate COVID-19 vaccine development". NJBIZ. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
- "Prisma Health collaborates with Ethicon Inc. to make, distribute VESper Ventilator Expansion Splitter Device". WSPA 7News. April 6, 2020. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
- "Coronavirus: Johnson & Johnson vows to make 'not-for-profit' vaccine". Sky News. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
- Stankiewicz, Kevin (March 17, 2020). "J&J hopes to start human trials for coronavirus vaccine in November". CNBC. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
- Vecchione, Anthony (March 13, 2020). "J&J collaborates to accelerate COVID-19 vaccine development". NJBIZ. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
- "J&J's Tylenol production at maximum capacity as coronavirus boosts demand". Reuters. March 19, 2020. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
- "Prisma Health, Ethicon to Build Ventilator Split Device for Emergency Use". www.morningstar.com. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
- Vecchione, Anthony (April 29, 2020). "Catalent to lead US manufacturing for J&J's lead COVID-19 vaccine candidate". NJBIZ. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
- "J&J expands COVID-19 vaccine pact with Catalent for finishing work at Italian facility". FiercePharma. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
- Coleman, Justine (June 10, 2020). "Final testing stage for potential coronavirus vaccine set to begin in July". TheHill. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
- "Moderna, AstraZeneca and J&J coronavirus shots rev up for NIH tests beginning in July: WSJ". FiercePharma. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
- "Johnson & Johnson to start human testing of COVID-19 vaccine next week". FiercePharma. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- Division, News (August 5, 2020). "HHS, DOD Collaborate With Johnson & Johnson to Produce Millions of COVID-19 Investigational Vaccine Doses". HHS.gov. Retrieved August 6, 2020.
- "Johnson & Johnson Announces Agreement with U.S. Government for 100 Million Doses of Investigational COVID-19 Vaccine | Johnson & Johnson". Content Lab U.S. Retrieved August 6, 2020.
- "US to Pay Johnson and Johnson $1 Billion for COVID-19 Vaccine". Voice of America. Retrieved August 5, 2020.
- Johnson, Johnson &. "Johnson & Johnson Initiates Pivotal Global Phase 3 Clinical Trial of Janssen's COVID-19 Vaccine Candidate". www.prnewswire.com. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
- Hughes, Virginia; Thomas, Katie; Zimmer, Carl; Wu, Katherine J. (October 12, 2020). "Johnson & Johnson halts coronavirus vaccine trial because of sick volunteer". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 12, 2020.
- "Johnson & Johnson Prepares to Resume Phase 3 ENSEMBLE Trial of its Janssen COVID-19 Vaccine Candidate in the U.S." Johnson & Johnson. October 23, 2020. Retrieved October 28, 2020.
- Edwards, Erika; Miller, Sara G. (October 23, 2020). "AstraZeneca, Johnson & Johnson resume late-stage Covid-19 vaccine trials". NBC News. Retrieved October 28, 2020.
- "Ramping Up COVID-19 Vaccine Fill and Finish Capacity".
- "Johnson & Johnson's COVID-19 vaccine is 85% effective against severe cases, and 66% effective overall per trial data". TechCrunch. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
- LaFraniere S, Weiland N (March 31, 2021). "Johnson & Johnson's vaccine is delayed by a U.S. factory mixup". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
- Weiland, Noah; LaFraniere, Sharon; Zimmer, Carl (April 13, 2021). "Johnson & Johnson Vaccinations Halt Across Country After Rare Clotting Cases Emerge". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
- "Joint CDC and FDA Statement on Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 Vaccine". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. April 13, 2021. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
- Erman, Manas Mishra, Michael (April 13, 2021). "U.S. pauses J&J COVID-19 vaccine over rare blood clots". Reuters. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
- Ben Tinker and Elizabeth Cohen. "CDC and FDA recommend US pause use of Johnson & Johnson's Covid-19 vaccine over blood clot concerns". CNN. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
- Jr, Berkeley Lovelace (April 20, 2021). "Johnson & Johnson reports $100 million in quarterly sales from Covid vaccine". CNBC. Retrieved April 29, 2021.
- Grant, Charley (April 20, 2021). "Johnson & Johnson Shows Health Economy Is Nearing Full Strength". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved April 29, 2021.
- Sullivan, Peter (June 11, 2021). "FDA says 60M J&J vaccine doses from troubled plant must be thrown out: report". The Hill. Retrieved June 11, 2021.
- LaFraniere, Sharon; Weiland, Noah; Stolberg, Sheryl (June 11, 2021). "The F.D.A. tells Johnson & Johnson that about 60 million doses made at troubled plant cannot be used". The New York Times. Retrieved June 11, 2021.
- "0000200406-21-000008 | 10-K | Johnson & Johnson". johnsonandjohnson.gcs-web.com. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
- "Pharmaceutical Products". Content Lab - U.S.
- "Medical Devices". Content Lab - U.S.
- "Consumer Health Products". Content Lab - U.S.
- "Pharmaceutical Products". Content Lab - U.S.
- "0000200406-21-000008 | 10-K | Johnson & Johnson". johnsonandjohnson.gcs-web.com. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
- "J&J to buy breast implant firm Mentor for $1.1 billion". Reuters. December 1, 2008. Retrieved September 28, 2021.
- "DePuy Synthes Product, Inc. Leases Palm Beach Gardens Office Space Expanding South Florida Footprint". PROFILE Miami. Retrieved September 28, 2021.
- "ETHICON History". web.archive.org. January 10, 2016. Retrieved September 28, 2021.
- "Medical Devices". Content Lab - U.S.
- "0000200406-21-000008 | 10-K | Johnson & Johnson". johnsonandjohnson.gcs-web.com. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
- "JNJ Annual Report". Johnson & Johnson.
- "Consumer Health Products". Content Lab - U.S.
- "Johnson & Johnson Revenue 2006–2018 | JNJ". www.macrotrends.net. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
- "Johnson & Johnson – Mitarbeiter bis 2017 | Statistik". Statista (in German). Retrieved December 9, 2018.
- "Our Leadership Team". Johnson & Johnson. Johnson & Johnson. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
- "Mark A. Weinberger". Content Lab U.S.
- Wright, Rob (April 1, 2021). "The Making of a CFO - A Conversation with J&J's Joseph Wolk". Life Science Leader. Retrieved April 30, 2021.
- "Our Leadership Team". Johnson & Johnson.[self-published source]
- Palmer E. "Johnson & Johnson shakeup leaves Joaquin Duato with largest portfolio". FiercePharma. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
- 2 Long-Disputed Projects to Begin, The New York Times, July 9, 1977
- Old Raritan Canal Lock Is Focus of a Classic Dispute, The New York Times, April 16, 1977.
- "JOHNSON & JOHNSON ASIA-PACIFIC INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEADQUARTERS". March 14, 2002. Archived from the original on May 30, 2013. Retrieved July 15, 2013.
- "Green Rankings". Archived from the original on October 10, 2009.
- "Johnson & Johnson Official Site". Archived from the original on May 2, 2008. Retrieved May 4, 2008.
- Environment New Service, December 8, 2004. Retrieved May 4, 2008
- "Coop America". March 27, 2008. Archived from the original on April 26, 2008. Retrieved May 4, 2008.
- "Department of Environmental Protection". Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
- Judith Rehak (March 23, 2002). "Tylenol made a hero of Johnson & Johnson : The recall that started them all". The New York Times.
- Toyota, what's so hard about doing the right thing?, Los Angeles Times, February 11, 2010
- Jennifer Latson for Time Magazine Sept. 29, 2014 How Poisoned Tylenol Became a Crisis-Management Teaching Model
- Judith Rehak for The New York Times. March 23, 2002 Tylenol made a hero of Johnson & Johnson : The recall that started them all
- "US firm recalls children's drugs". Aljazeera. May 1, 2010. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
- Watts A (May 2, 2010). "Warning As Baby Medicines Are Recalled". Sky News. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
- Deborah Cohen (May 14, 2011). "Out of joint: The story of the ASR".
- "FDA. Concerns about metal-on-metal hip implant systems. 2011". 2011.
- Meier B (March 8, 2013). "J.&J. Loses First Case Over Faulty Hip Implant". New York Times. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
- Tylenol Recall Expands, WebMD Health News, January 18, 2010
- "McNeil Consumer Healthcare Announces Voluntary Recall Of One Product Lot Of TYLENOL® Extra Strength Caplets 225 Count Distributed In The U.S."
- "10-cv-2033, D. NJ., Sept. 29, 2011" (PDF).
- J&J, shareholders reach tentative deal in lawsuit By Linda A. Johnson, AP Business Writer / July 12, 2012
- Gregory Wallace (November 4, 2013). "Johnson & Johnson to pay $2 billion for false marketing". CNN Money. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- J.&J. Fined $1.2 Billion in Drug Case NY Times, By KATIE THOMAS Published: April 11, 2012
- Hilzenrath, David S. (January 16, 2010). "Justice suit accuses Johnson & Johnson of paying kickbacks". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
- Singer, Natasha (January 15, 2010). "Johnson & Johnson Accused of Drug Kickbacks". The New York Times. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
- J&J Said to Agree to $2.2 Billion Drug Marketing Accord Bloomberg News. By Margaret Cronin Fisk, Jef Feeley & David Voreacos – June 11, 2012
- Office of Public Affairs, Department of Justice (November 4, 2015). "Johnson & Johnson to Pay More Than $2.2 Billion to Resolve Criminal and Civil Investigations". United States Department of Justice. Retrieved June 16, 2015.
- Research Center Tied to Drug Company By Gardiner Harris, The New York Times, 2008
- "Johnson & Johnson". www.sec.gov. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
- "J&J settles U.S., UK bribery, kickback charges". Reuters. April 8, 2011. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
- "SEC Charges Johnson & Johnson With Foreign Bribery". SEC. April 7, 2011.
- "J&J Reaches $33 Million Settlement with States". DrugWatch. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
- Reuters (May 24, 2017). "Johnson & Johnson settles drug manufacturing probe by US states for $33 million". The Economic Times. Retrieved July 5, 2017.[permanent dead link]
- "UPDATE 1-J&J settles drug manufacturing probe by U.S. states for $33 mln". Business Insider. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
- "Trademark Status & Document Retrieval". uspto.gov.
- U.S. reservations to the 1949 Geneva Conventions (International Committee of the Red Cross website)
- American Red Cross Defends Use of Emblem and Mission Archived August 18, 2007, at the Wayback Machine (American Red Cross press release, August 10, 2007)
- "Red Cross Is Sued by J&J Over Signature Emblem" The Wall Street Journal August 9, 2007
- Saul S (June 18, 2008). "Claim Over Red Cross Symbol Is Settled". The New York Times.
- Boston Scientific to Pay J&J $1.73B to Settle Stent Patent Disputes, The Wall Street Journal, February 2, 2010
- J&J seeks over $5 billion in damages from Boston Scientific at trial. Reuters, 19 November 2014
- Abbott Told to Pay Record $1.67 billion Award to J&J, Bloomberg News, June 29, 2009
- Abbott Challenges $1.67 billion Patent Loss to J&J Over Humira, Bloomberg News, November 2, 2010
- Pfizer, Takeda to Get $2.15 Billion Settlement, WSJ, 6 12 2013
- "abbott-wins-reversal-of-j-j-s-1-67-billion-patent-victory". Bloomberg.com. Archived from the original on May 6, 2011.
- "States file lawsuit against Johnson & Johnson over pelvic mesh implants". www.cbsnews.com.
- Knaus C (July 4, 2017). "Vaginal mesh risks downplayed by Johnson & Johnson, court told". The Guardian.
- Devlin H (November 27, 2018). "Pharma giant sold mesh implant despite pain warnings". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved November 25, 2019.
- Sebastian D (October 17, 2019). "Johnson & Johnson to Pay $117 Million Over Surgical Device Marketing". The Wall Street Journal. New York NY: Dow Jones and Company.
- Stohr, Greg; Feeley, Jef (June 1, 2021). "J&J to Pay $2.1 Billion Talc Award as Top Court Nixes Appeal". Bloomberg News. Retrieved June 1, 2021.
- "Johnson & Johnson hit with $72m damages in talc-cancer case". BBC News. February 24, 2016. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- Johnson & Johnson Has a Baby Powder Problem Bloomberg, Retrieved April 20, 2017.
- Raymond, Nate (August 21, 2017). "J&J ordered to pay $417 million in trial over talc cancer risks". Reuters.
- Currier J. "Missouri appeals court tosses out $72 million Johnson & Johnson talcum powder verdict".
- Bever L (July 13, 2018). "Johnson & Johnson ordered to pay $4.7 billion to women who say baby powder gave them cancer". Washington Post. Retrieved July 28, 2018.
- "Johnson and Johnson removes chemicals to make products safer". August 7, 2018. Retrieved August 25, 2018.
- "Johnson & Johnson knew for decades that asbestos lurked in some of its baby powder". NBC News.
- Scipioni J (December 19, 2018). "J&J loses its battle to overturn a $4.7B baby powder verdict". FOXBusiness. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
- Steven Novella (February 25, 2016). "The Johnson and Johnson Talc Cancer Case". Neurologica blog. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
- Salter J (December 23, 2019). "St. Louis jury sides with Johnson & Johnson in talc case". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. Retrieved December 24, 2019.
- "Johnson & Johnson CEO refuses to attend US hearing on carcinogens". www.aljazeera.com. December 10, 2019. Retrieved December 11, 2019.
- Albert V (May 19, 2020). "Johnson & Johnson to discontinue sales of talc-based baby powder in U.S., Canada". CBS News. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
- Brent Kendall; Peter Loftus (June 1, 2021). "Supreme Court Won't Consider Johnson & Johnson Challenge to Baby Powder Judgment". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 11, 2021.
- "Supreme Court Says A $2 Billion Verdict In A Baby Powder Cancer Case Should Remain". NPR. June 1, 2021. Retrieved June 11, 2021.
- Walters, Natalie (October 14, 2021). "Johnson & Johnson forms new subsidiary to take ovarian cancer claims into bankruptcy court". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved October 16, 2021.
- "J&J is using a bankruptcy maneuver to block lawsuits over baby powder cancer claims". NPR.org. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
- Gurman S, Mulvihill G (March 2, 2018). "DOJ to Support Lawsuits Against Companies Selling Opioids". Drug Discovery & Development. Advantage Business Media. Associated Press. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- "Johnson & Johnson acted as opioid kingpin, Oklahoma attorney general says". CNN. March 12, 2019. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- "Trump Insurance For Johnson & Johnson". Retrieved August 25, 2018.
- "11 Idaho counties take on Walmart, CVS, drug companies in opioid lawsuit". Retrieved August 25, 2018.
- Randazzo S (May 27, 2019). "First Big Trial in Opioid Crisis Set to Kick Off in Oklahoma". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
- Howard J, Drash W (August 26, 2019). "Oklahoma wins case against drugmaker in historic opioid trial". CNN. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
- "Johnson & Johnson to Pay Ohio Counties $20.4M Opioid Settlement". www.usnews.com.
- Randazzo S (October 1, 2019). "Johnson & Johnson Agrees to Settle Ohio Opioid Lawsuits for $20.4 Million". The Wall Street Journal. New York NY: Dow Jones and Company.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Johnson & Johnson.|
- Official website
- Business data for Johnson & Johnson: