Lycoming County, Pennsylvania
|Founded||April 13, 1795|
|Named for||Lycoming Creek|
|• Total||1,244 sq mi (3,220 km2)|
|• Land||1,229 sq mi (3,180 km2)|
|• Water||15 sq mi (40 km2) 1.2%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||92/sq mi (36/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Lycoming County comprises the Williamsport Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Formation of the county
Lycoming County was formed from Northumberland County on April 13, 1795. The county was larger than it is today. It took up most of the land that is now north central Pennsylvania. The following counties have been formed from land that was once part of Lycoming County: Armstrong, Bradford, Centre, Clearfield, Clinton, Indiana, Jefferson, McKean, Potter, Sullivan, Tioga, Venango, Warren, Forest, Elk and Cameron.
Lycoming County was originally named Jefferson County in honor of Thomas Jefferson. This name proved to be unsatisfactory. The name change went through several steps. First a change to Lycoming County was rejected, next the name Susquehanna County was struck down as was Muncy County, before the legislature revisited and settled on Lycoming County for Lycoming Creek, the stream that was the center of the pre-Revolutionary border dispute.
1615: The first European in Lycoming County was Étienne Brûlé. He was a voyageur for New France. Brule descended the West Branch Susquehanna River and was held captive by a local Indian tribe near what is now Muncy before escaping and returning to Canada.
1775: The first public road is built along the West Branch Susquehanna River. The road followed Indian trails from Fort Augusta in what is now Sunbury to Bald Eagle Creek near modern-day Lock Haven.
1795: The first elections for Lycoming County government are held soon after the county was formed from Northumberland County. The elected officers were Samuel Stewart, county sheriff and the first county commissioners were John Hanna, Thomas Forster and James Crawford. Andrew Gregg was elected to represent Lycoming County in the United States Congress, William Hepburn was voted to the Pennsylvania State Senate and Flavel Roan, Hugh White and Robert Martin served as representatives in the Pennsylvania General Assembly.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,244 square miles (3,220 km2), of which 1,229 square miles (3,180 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (1.2%) is water. Lycoming County is the largest county in Pennsylvania by land area and second-largest by total area; it is larger than the state of Rhode Island. The county has a humid continental climate which is warm-summer (Dfb) except in lower areas near the river which are hot-summer (Dfa). Average monthly temperatures in downtown Williamsport average from 26.5 °F in January to 72.4 °F in July, while in Trout Run they average from 25.5 °F in January to 71.2 °F in July. 
Appalachian Mountains and Allegheny Plateau
Lycoming County is divided between the Appalachian Mountains in the south, the dissected Allegheny Plateau (which also appears mountainous) in the north and east, and the valley of the West Branch Susquehanna River between these.
West Branch Susquehanna River
The West Branch of the Susquehanna enters Lycoming County from Clinton County just west of the borough of Jersey Shore, which is on the northwest bank of the river. The river then flows generally east and a little north with some large curves for 15 miles (24 kilometers) to the city of Williamsport, followed by the borough of Montoursville (both on the north bank) as well as the boroughs of Duboistown and South Williamsport (on the south bank).
The river flows just north of Bald Eagle Mountain (one of the northernmost ridges of the Ridge-and-valley Appalachians) through much of its course in Lycoming County, but it passes the end of the mountain and turns south just before the borough of Muncy (on the east bank). It continues south past the borough of Montgomery and leaves Lycoming County, where it forms the border between Union and Northumberland Counties. From there the West Branch merges with the North Branch Susquehanna River at Northumberland, Pennsylvania, and then flows south to the Chesapeake Bay.
Major creeks and watersheds
The major creeks of Lycoming County are all tributaries of the West Branch Susquehanna River. On the north or left bank of the river they are (from west to east): Pine Creek (and its tributary Little Pine Creek) which the river receives just west of Jersey Shore; Larrys Creek, which the river receives about 7 km (4 mi) south of Salladasburg; Lycoming Creek which the river receives in western Williamsport; Loyalsock Creek which the river receives between Williamsport and Montoursville; and Muncy Creek (and its tributary Little Muncy Creek), which the river receives just north of Muncy. Loyalsock and Muncy Creeks are also the major watersheds of Sullivan County.
Finally there is White Deer Hole Creek, the only major creek in Lycoming County on the right bank (i.e. south and west) of the river. It is south of Bald Eagle Mountain, and flows from west to east. The river receives it at the village of Allenwood in Gregg Township in Union County. Other creeks found on the right bank (south and west) of the West Branch Susquehanna River in Lycoming County are relatively minor, including Antes Creek in the Nippenose valley (in Limestone and Nippenose Townships), Mosquito Creek (at Duboistown), Hagermans Run (at South Williamsport), and Black Hole Creek (at Montgomery).
The entire county is in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. The percent of the county drained by each creek's watershed is as follows: Pine Creek, 15.27%; Little Pine Creek, 11.25% (if these two are considered together, 26.52%); Larry's Creek, 7.17%; Lycoming Creek, 17.80%; Loyalsock Creek, 13.23%; Muncy Creek, 4.82%; Little Muncy Creek, 5.86% (if these two are considered together, 10.68%); and White Deer Hole Creek, 4.40%. Minor creeks account for the rest.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 120,044 people, 47,003 households, and 31,680 families residing in the county. The population density was 97 people per square mile (38/km2). There were 52,464 housing units at an average density of 42 per square mile (16/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.9% White, 4.3% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. 0.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.5% were of German, 11.7% American, 9.0% Irish, 7.4% Italian and 7.3% English ancestry.
There were 47,003 households, out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.3% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.
Lycoming County median household income was estimated, by the U.S. Census Bureau, as $46,663 in 2013. Statewide the median household income was $52,005 in 2013. In 2008, the state's median household income was $50,702.
- County poverty demographics
According to research by The Center for Rural Pennsylvania, which is a legislative agency of the Pennsylvania General Assembly, the poverty rate for Lycoming County was 16% in 2014. The statewide poverty rate was 13.6% in 2014. The 2012 childhood poverty rate by school district was: East Lycoming School District – 30.4% living at 185% or below than the Federal Poverty Level, Jersey Shore Area School District – 41.3%, Loyalsock Township School District – 29.2%, Montgomery Area School District – 42.7%, Montoursville Area School District – 22.1%, Muncy School District – 32.8%, South Williamsport Area School District – 34.3% and Williamsport Area School District – 62.5%. The child poverty rate is collected by the school districts as part of the federal free school lunch program.
- Birth rate
Lycoming County's live birth rate was 1,705 births in 1990. The county's live birth rate in 2000 declined to 1,339 births, while in 2011 it had declined to 1,279 babies. From 1960 to 2010, rural Pennsylvania has experienced an ongoing decline in the number of residents under 18 years old.
- Teen pregnancy rate
Lycoming County had 980 babies born to teens (age 15–19) in 2011. In 2015, the number of teen births in Lycoming County was 904.
Law and government
- Scott Metzger, Chairman
- Tony R. Mussare, Vice Chairman
- Richard Mirabito, Secretary
Law enforcement agencies
- Pennsylvania State Police
- Williamsport Police Department
- Lycoming County Sheriff's Office
- South Williamsport Police Department (and DuBoistown borough)
- Tiadaghton Valley Regional Police Department (and Cummings, McHenry, Porter, Piatt & Nippenose Townships)
- Old Lycoming Township Police Department (and Hepburn & Lycoming Townships)
- Montoursville Police Department
- Muncy Police Department (and Brady Township)
- Muncy Township Police Department
- Hughesville Police Department (and Picture Rocks Borough)
- Montgomery Police Department
- Pennsylvania College of Technology Police Department
- Williamsport Bureau of Fire - Station 1 (HQ on Walnut Street, Engine 14-1 runs out of Station 14)
- Woodward Township VFC - Station 2
- Independent Hose of Jersey Shore - Station 3
- South Williamsport VFC - Station 5 (Quarters of MICU1-91, Merger of former Stations 10 & 11)
- Nippenose Valley VFC - Station 6
- Nisbet VFC - Station 7
- DuBoistown VFC Station - 8
- Clinton Township VFC - Station 12
- Montgomery VFC - Station 13
- Old Lycoming Township VFC - Station 14 (Quarters of MICU91)
- Hepburn Township VFC - Station 15
- Trout Run VFC - Station 16
- Ralston VFC - Station 17
- Loyalsock VFC - Station 18 (Quarters of MICU18)
- Williamsport Regional Airport - Station 19
- Montoursville Fire Department - Station 20 (Quarters of Medic 1-91)
- Washington Township VFC - Station 21
- Eldred TWP VFC - Station 22
- Muncy Township VFC - Station 23
- Hughesville VFC - Station 24
- Pluntetts Creek VFC - Station 25
- Picture Rocks VFC - Station 26
- Lairdsville VFC - Station 27
- Waterville VFC - Station 28
- Antes Fort VFC - Station 31
- Unityville VFC - Station 32 (Dispatched by Montour County)
- Brown Township VFC - Station 35
- Black Forest VFC - Station 36
- Muncy Area VFC - Station 39
- Citizens Hose of Jersey Shore - Station 45 (Quarters of MICU94 & MICU1-94)
Pennsylvania House of Representatives
- Jeff C. Wheeland, Republican, Pennsylvania's 83th Representative District
- Garth D. Everett, Republican, Pennsylvania's 84th Representative District
Pennsylvania State Senate
United States House of Representatives
United States Senate
Public school districts
- Canton Area School District (also in Bradford and Tioga Counties) Canton Warriors
- East Lycoming School District Hughesville Spartans
- Jersey Shore Area School District (also in Clinton County) Jersey Shore Bulldogs
- Loyalsock Township School District Loyalsock Lancers
- Montgomery Area School District Montgomery Red Raiders
- Montoursville Area School District Montoursville Warriors
- Muncy School District Muncy Indians
- South Williamsport Area School District South Williamsport Mountaineers
- Southern Tioga School District (also in Tioga County) Liberty Mountaineers, Mansfield Tigers, and North Penn Panthers
- Wellsboro Area School District (also in Tioga County) Wellsboro Hornets
- Williamsport Area School District Williamsport Millionaires
Other public entities
Non public entities
- Bald Eagle School - Montgomery
- Brookside School - Montgomery
- Countryside School - Jersey Shore
- Fairfield Academy - Montoursville
- LCCCs Children's Development Center - Williamsport
- Mountain View Christian School - South Williamsport
- Mountain View School - Williamsport
- Pine Woods Nippenose Valley - Jersey Shore
- Scenic Mountain Parochial School - Allenwood
- St John Neumann Regional Academy - Williamsport (accepting OSTC students)
- St John Neumann Regional Academy at Faxon - Williamsport
- St John Neumann Regional Academy High School Campus - Williamsport (accepting OSTC students)
- Valley Bell School - Montgomery
- West Branch School - Williamsport
- White Deer Valley School - Montgomery
- Williamsport Christian School - Williamsport
Data from EdNA database maintained by Pennsylvania Department of Education, July 2012
There are six public libraries in Lycoming County:
- James V. Brown Library (Williamsport)
- Hughesville Area Public Library
- Jersey Shore Public Library
- Dr. W.B. Konkle Memorial Library (Montoursville)
- Montgomery Area Public Library
- Muncy Public Library
There are also four Link libraries in the county.
There are only two public use airports in the county. The Williamsport Regional Airport, has daily non-stop flights to Philadelphia, and a FBO for private jets and charters. There is also the Jersey Shore Airport, which only has a grass runway and can only handle light aircraft.
There are three Pennsylvania state parks in Lycoming County:
There are parts of two Pennsylvania state forests in Lycoming County:
- Tiadaghton State Forest in the southern and western parts of the county,
- Loyalsock State Forest in the eastern part of the county.
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Lycoming County:
- Williamsport (county seat)
- Cogan House
- Mill Creek
- Muncy Creek
- Old Lycoming
- Plunketts Creek
- Upper Fairfield
Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2010 Census)|
|12||Rauchtown (mostly in Clinton County)||CDP||726|
Marcellus shale impact fee
Act 13 of 2012, which levied a Marcellus Shale Impact Fee, was signed into law by Governor Tom Corbett on February 14, 2012. The bill provides for the imposition of an unconventional well fee by county (or alternatively municipalities compelling the imposition of an unconventional well fee).
A county may impose the fee if unconventional gas wells are located within its borders and it passes an ordinance within 60 days of the effective date of Act 13. A county that did not pass an ordinance imposing a fee is prohibited from receiving funds. This prohibition remains in effect until a county passes an ordinance imposing a fee.
In 2015, Lycoming County received an impact fee disbursement of $3,727,886.78 which was among the top seven counties receiving funds. The top county recipient was Washington County which received $6,512,570.65 in 2014. Cogan House Township received $798,627.10 making it one of the top seven receiving municipalities. Lycoming County had 877 marcellus shale wells. Cummings Township had 248 wells and Cogan House Township had 180 wells.
In 2014, Lycoming County received an impact fee disbursement of $4,822,064 which was among the top seven counties receiving funds. The top county recipient was Washington County which received $6,512,570.65 in 2014. In 2014, there were 873 marcellus shale wells in Lycoming County. Cogan House Township was the top receiving municipality in Lycoming County getting $852,291.25.
- 2013 – 768 shale wells, impact fee revenues to Lycoming County – $5,099521.27
- 2012 – 649 shale wells, impact fee revenues to Lycoming County – $4,375,741.90
- 2011 – 445 shale wells.
Marcellus shale gas well methane leakage
The Harman Lewis 1H well, a Marcellus Shale natural gas well in Moreland Township, has been leaking methane since 2011. Combustible gas has been found "in groundwater, in soil surveys in nearby farm fields and surfacing on Greg’s Run and Sugar Run." In January 2020, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) issued an order to the well operator, Range Resources, to address the leakage problems "for once and for all."
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lycoming County, Pennsylvania.|
- List of people from Lycoming County, Pennsylvania
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Robin Van Auken, Lou Hunsinger Jr. "Lycoming County: Williamsport Firsts". Williamsport Sun-Gazette. Archived from the original on 2012-02-09. Retrieved 2012-02-15.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
-  Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
- "Census 2020".
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute (2015). "Median household income".
- US Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, 2015
- US Census Bureau (2015). "Poverty Rates by County Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates".
- Pennsylvania Budget and Policy Center (2012). "Student Poverty Concentration 2012". Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2016-06-23.
- Pennsylvania Department of Health, Birth Age County Reports 1990, 1990
- Pennsylvania Department of Health, Birth Age County Reports 2000, 2000
- Pennsylvania Department of Health, Birth Age County Reports 2011, 2011
- Center for Rural Pennsylvania, Number of Children Decreasing in Rural Pennsylvania, 2011
- "Pennsylvania Teen Births 2015". Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. 2016.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
- Burnham, Walter Dean. "Presidential ballots, 1836-1892". archive.org. Retrieved January 16, 2021.
- The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 5,208 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 1,523 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 423 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 3 votes.
- "Find Your Legislator". The official website for the Pennsylvania General Assembly. Retrieved 2017-04-26.
- Bureau, US Census. "Decennial Census by Decades". www.census.gov. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
- Pennsylvania House of Representatives (February 8, 2012). "HB1950 of Session 2011 OIL AND GAS (58 PA.C.S.) - OMNIBUS AMENDMENTS".
- Pennsylvania General Assembly, Act 13 of 2012, February 14, 2012.
- Pennsylvania Utility Commission (2012). "Act 13 (Impact Fee)".
- Pennsylvania Utility Commission (2016). "Disbursements and Impact Fees 2015".
- Pennsylvania Utility Commission (2015). "Disbursements and Impact Fees 2014".
- Pennsylvania Utility Commission (2015). "County Well Count Breakdown for 2014".
- PUC (2013). "Lycoming County Total distribution for year 2013 :".
- PUC (2012). "Lycoming County Total distribution for year 2012 :".
- PUC (2011). "Lycoming County Total distribution for year 2011 :".
- Levy, Mark (January 14, 2020). "State orders gas well plugged in fight over methane leaks". Altoona Mirror. Retrieved 2020-01-17.
- Cocklin, Jamison (January 15, 2020). "Pennsylvania Regulators, Range Resources Face Off Over Problem NatGas Well". www.naturalgasintel.com. Retrieved 2020-01-17.
- Official Lycoming County Map showing all townships, villages, boroughs, cities, county roads, rivers, creeks, and some streams