Maiden Lane (Manhattan)
Maiden Lane is an east–west street in the Financial District of the New York City borough of Manhattan. Its eastern end is at South Street, near the South Street Seaport, and its western end is at Broadway near the World Trade Center site, where it becomes Cortlandt Street.
The street received its name in New Amsterdam, as Maagde Paatje, a "footpath used by lovers along a rippling brook", according to the WPA Guide to New York City, a "pebbly brook" that ran from Nassau Street to the East River, where wives and daughters washed linen according to the city historians Edwin Burrows and Mike Wallace.
By 1728, a market was held at the foot of Maiden Lane, where it ended at Front Street facing the East River; by 1823, when it was demolished and disbanded, the Fly Market,[note 1] selling meat, country produce and fish under its covered roofs, was New York's oldest. It eventually gave way to the Fulton Fish Market, and later, the New Amsterdam Market. The Fly Market, and its successor the Fulton Fish Market, which moved to the Bronx in 2005, was one of New York's earliest open-air fish markets. From a New York newspaper dated 1831:
In New York, there are a number of Markets. Those called Fulton and Washington Markets are the largest. Fulton Market is at the East end of Fulton Street near the East River...The first was formerly situated in Maiden Lane on the East River side, and was called Fly Market.
In September 1732, a company of professional actors arrived from London and took an upstairs room near the junction of Pearl Street which was fitted up with a platform stage, and marked the origin of professional theater in New York; by the time the company was disbanded in 1734, their building was known as the Play House.
In the spring of 1790, Thomas Jefferson rented a house at 57 Maiden Lane when he moved to New York to serve as the Secretary of State under George Washington. His dinner on June 20, 1790 at that house with Alexander Hamilton and James Madison produced the Compromise of 1790, whereby Hamilton won the decision for the national government to take over and pay the state debts, while Jefferson and Madison obtained the national capital (District of Columbia) for the South. The dinner was celebrated in the song "The Room Where It Happens" in the Broadway musical Hamilton.
Maiden Lane was a street of shops by the end of the 18th century, even before the new fashion for multi-paned shop windows caught on in the city. In 1827 the skylit New York Arcade, banking on the fashionable success of London's Burlington Arcade (1819), spanned the block between Maiden Lane and John Street east of Broadway with forty smart shops; however, while regarded as beautiful by many, it was also financially disastrous, and Charles Haynes Haswell recalled that "it had not the success that had been anticipated...and survived but a few years". Maiden Lane was soon one of the first city streets to be lit with gas lamps, which led to its being a popular shopping street. The slip at the foot of Main Lane was infilled in the early 19th century, accounting for the widened stretch in the last blocks before South Street, the present waterfront. The water of the erstwhile brook ran down the center of the street, until 1827, when a suggestion was made in Common Council to close it over and lead rainwater to the side gutters.
One of the handful of mid-19th century commercial structures still standing in the Financial District, is 90–94 Maiden Lane, built for Roosevelt & Son, with a cast-iron front (attributed to Charles Wright, 1870–71) by Daniel D. Badger.[note 2]
From 1795 until the early 20th century, Maiden Lane was the center of the jewelry district. At Broadway, the bronze and glass clock embedded in the sidewalk by William Barthman Jewelers still keeps time. In 1894 developers Boehm & Coon erected the ten story Diamond Exchange Building on Maiden Lane, which was specially designed to accommodate the heavy safes used by gem dealers. According to a New York Times article in 1924, “the bride-to-be who could show a ring from Maiden Lane was thrice happy” because of the abundance of jewelry stores. In 1946 the New York City Police Department estimated that it was walked on by 51,000 people every weekday between 11 a.m. and 2 p.m.
The jewelry industry started to move north by the 1920s, but had previously and fruitlessly tried to move uptown in the 1870s and 1900s. This was in part because the buildings on Maiden Lane had begun to age, even in the 1910s. Because of the city's rapid growth after World War II, this district was later moved to Chinatown on the Bowery and Canal Street, and to West 47th Street, forming a new district of New York, the Diamond District.
- Keeping its Dutch name vly "valley", for the long-gone stream-bed at the foot of Maiden Lane.
- Badger also supplied the cast-iron for the landmarked E. V. Haughwout Building (1857).
- Federal Writers' Project 1939, p. 93. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFFederal_Writers'_Project1939 (help)
- Trapnell, Kelli (November 21, 2012). "History of Streets: Maiden Lane". Untapped Cities. Retrieved August 23, 2014.
- Moscow 1978, p. 73. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMoscow1978 (help)
- Burrows & Wallace 1999, p. 54.
- Kadinsky 2016, pp. 21-22.
- Van Pelt 1898, p. 100.
- Hemstreet 1899, p. 23.
- Burrows & Wallace 1999, pp. 125, 354.
- Brown 1903, p. 1.
- Miranda, Lin-Manuel (January 20, 2015) "The Room Where It Happens" Hamilton Accessed: October 27, 2017
- Burrows & Wallace 1999.
- Haswell 1896, p. 216.
- Burrows & Wallace 1999, pp. 437, 439.
- Hemstreet 1899, p. 13.
- Haswell 1896, p. 215.
- New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, Dolkart & Postal 2009, p. 14, inv. no. 29.
- Carlson, Jen (September 29, 2014). "A Clock Has Been Embedded In This Manhattan Sidewalk Since The 1800s". Gothamist. Archived from the original on April 9, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- Kannapell, Anna (June 26, 1994). "F.Y.I." The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- "The Diamond Exchange Building No. 14 Maiden Lane". Real Estate Record and Builders' Guide. 53 (1366): 801. May 19, 1894.
- Gray, Christopher (August 29, 2008). "An Unshowy Setting for Gems". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 23, 2014.
- Walsh 2006, p. 141.
- Walsh, Kevin (May 2010). "Lower Manhattan". Forgotten NY. Retrieved August 23, 2014.
- Richman, Barak (January 16, 2020). "How Manhattan's Diamond District Continues To Operate Like an Old World Bazaar". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved June 18, 2020.
- Wolfe, Stephen (February 16, 2010). "Memories of Maiden Lane". The Villager. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved August 23, 2014.
- Brown, T. Allston (1903). A History of the New York Stage. 1. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company.
- Burrows, Edwin G. & Wallace, Mike (1999). Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-195-11634-8.
- Federal Writers' Project (1939). "New York City Guide". New York: Random House. ISBN 978-1-60354-055-1. (Reprinted by Scholarly Press, 1976; often referred to as WPA Guide to New York City.)
- Haswell, Charles Haynes (1896). Reminiscences of an Octogenarian of the City of New York (1816 to 1860). New York: Harper & Brothers.
- Hemstreet, Charles (1899). Nooks & Corners of Old New York. Illustrated by E. C. Peixotto. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.
- Kadinsky, Sergey (2016). Hidden Waters of New York City: A History and Guide to 101 Forgotten Lakes, Ponds, Creeks, and Streams in the Five Boroughs. Countryman Press. ISBN 978-1-58157-566-8.
- Moscow, Henry (1978). The Street Book: An Encyclopedia of Manhattan's Street Names and Their Origins. New York: Hagstrom Company. ISBN 978-0-8232-1275-0.
- New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Dolkart, Andrew S.; Postal, Matthew A. (2009). Postal, Matthew A. (ed.). Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1.
- Van Pelt, Daniel (1898). Leslie's History of the Greater New York. I. New York: Arkell Publishing Company.
- Walsh, Kevin (2006). Forgotten New York : views of a lost metropolis. New York: Collins. ISBN 978-0-06-075400-6. OCLC 65064986.
- Media related to Maiden Lane (Manhattan) at Wikimedia Commons