Nassau Street (Manhattan)
Nassau Street is a street in the Financial District, within the borough of Manhattan in New York City. Its southern end is at the intersection with Broad Street and Wall Street, and its northern end is at Spruce Street, at Pace University near the foot of the Brooklyn Bridge. For its entire route, Nassau Street runs one block east of Broadway and Park Row.
Nassau Street was originally called Kip Street, after an early Dutch settler family, but was subsequently named in honor of the royal family of the Netherlands, the House of Orange-Nassau. It was named some time before William of Nassau, the Dutch prince who became King William III of England, so that is not the origin of the name, despite how easily it could be mistaken as such. Nassau Street once housed many of the city's newspapers. Late in the 20th century Nassau Street was closed to motor traffic during certain hours, in order to promote shopping.
Nassau Street borders on the Fulton-Nassau Historic District, which encompasses several buildings along Nassau between Spruce and Liberty Streets. The original headquarters of The New York Times, then the New-York Daily Times, was located at 113 Nassau Street. In 1854, the paper moved to 138 Nassau Street, and in 1858 it moved to 41 Park Row, making it the first newspaper in New York City to have entire building solely for its own work force.
In 1931, the BMT Nassau Street Line (present J and Z trains) of the New York City Subway was extended under Nassau Street, with stops at Fulton Street and Broad Street. Nassau Street is only 34 feet (10 m) wide, and the subway floor was only 20 feet (6.1 m) below building foundations. As a result, 89 buildings had to be underpinned to ensure that they would stay on their foundations. The whole cost of the construction of the segment was $10.072 million for the 0.9 miles (1.4 km)-long extension, or $2,068 a foot, which was three times the normal cost of construction at the time.
As early as 1915, Mekeel's Weekly Stamp News contained many advertisements for stamp dealers in Nassau Street. In the 1930s, stamp collecting became very popular and Nassau Street was the center of New York City's "Stamp District", called its "Street of Stamps", with dozens of stamp and coin dealers along its short length. While the stock market did poorly during the Great Depression, stamps kept their value and were "negotiable assets". The Stamp Center Building was located at 116 Nassau Street, and the Subway Stamp Shop (now in Altoona, Pennsylvania) was located at 87 Nassau Street. With the dispersal of most dealers in the 1970s, a process that accelerated with internet trading, the street no longer has this character.
From south to north:
- 14 Wall Street, at 1–11 Nassau Street
- Federal Hall, east side of Nassau between Wall and Pine Streets
- Atlantic National Bank (1853-1873), at 17 Nassau Street
- Equitable Building, at 15–25 Nassau Street
- 28 Liberty Street, at 26–40 Nassau Street
- 140 Broadway, at 27–39 Nassau Street
- Liberty Tower, at northwest corner of Nassau and Liberty Streets
- Federal Reserve Bank of New York Building, at northeast corner of Nassau and Liberty Streets
- 63 Nassau Street
- Theatre on Nassau Street (1732–1765), at 64–66 Nassau Street, the first theatre in New York City
- Bennett Building, at 93–99 Nassau Street
- 5 Beekman Street, at 119–133 Nassau Street
- Morse Building, at 140 Nassau Street
- Potter Building, at 145 Nassau Street
- New York Times Building/41 Park Row, at 147 Nassau Street
- 150 Nassau Street
- Dunlap, David W. (November 14, 2001). "150th Anniversary: 1851–2001; Six Buildings That Share One Story". The New York Times. Retrieved October 10, 2008.
Surely the most remarkable of these survivors is 113 Nassau Street, where the New-York Daily Times was born in 1851.... After three years at 113 Nassau Street and four years at 138 Nassau Street, The Times moved to a five-story Romanesque headquarters at 41 Park Row, designed by Thomas R. Jackson. For the first time, a New York newspaper occupied a structure built for its own use.
- Cunningham, Joseph; DeHart, Leonard O. (January 1, 1993). A History of the New York City Subway System. J. Schmidt, R. Giglio, and K. Lang.
- Linder, Bernard (February 2016). "Contract 4 Subway Controversy". The Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association. 59 (2). Retrieved July 28, 2016.
- "Mekeel's Weekly Stamp News". XXIX. Boston: Severn-Wylie-Jewett Co. 1915. Cite journal requires
- Michael Pollak, "Street of Stamps", New York Times, October 15, 2010. Found at New York Times website. Accessed October 26, 2010.
- "About Our Company". Subway Stamp Shop. Retrieved December 4, 2006.
- Thomas, Jr., Robert McG. (February 7, 1999). "Herman Herst Is Dead at 89; An Esteemed Stamp Collector". The New York Times. Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- "NYCityMap". NYC.gov. New York City Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
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