National Historic Site (United States)

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Salem Maritime National Historic Site was the first National Historic Site to be established in the U.S.

National Historic Site (NHS) is a designation for an officially recognized area of national historic significance in the United States. An NHS usually contains a single historical feature directly associated with its subject. A related but separate designation, the National Historical Park (NHP), is an area that generally extends beyond single properties or buildings, and its resources include a mix of historic and later structures and sometimes significant natural features.

As of 2020, there are 61 NHPs and 84 NHSs. Most NHPs and NHSs are managed by the National Park Service (NPS). Some federally designated sites are owned by local authorities or privately owned, but are authorized to request assistance from the NPS as affiliated areas. One property, Grey Towers National Historic Site, is managed by the U.S. Forest Service.[1]

As of October 15, 1966, all historic areas, including NHPs and NHSs, in the NPS are automatically listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). There are also about 90,000 NRHP sites, the large majority of which are neither owned nor managed by the NPS. Of these, about 2,500[2] have been designated at the highest status as National Historic Landmark (NHL) sites.

National Historic Sites[edit]

National Historic Sites are generally federally owned and administered properties, though some remain under private or local government ownership. There are currently 84 NHSs, of which 74 are official NPS units, 9 are NPS affiliated areas, and 1 is managed by the U.S. Forest Service.

Derived from the Historic Sites Act of 1935, a number of NHSs were established by United States Secretaries of the Interior, but most have been authorized by acts of Congress. In 1937, the first NHS was created in Salem, Massachusetts, in order to preserve and interpret the maritime history of New England and the United States.

National historic sites
Name Image Location Area[3] Description
Allegheny Portage Railroad Pennsylvania
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site)
1,284.27 acres (5.1973 km2) [4]
Andersonville Georgia
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Andersonville National Historic Site)
515.61 acres (2.0866 km2) [5]
Andrew Johnson Tennessee
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Andrew Johnson National Historic Site)
16.68 acres (0.0675 km2) [6]
Bent's Old Fort Colorado
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site)
798.54 acres (3.2316 km2) [7]
Boston African American Massachusetts
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Boston African American National Historic Site)
0.59 acres (0.0024 km2) The Beacon Hill neighborhood was home to most of Boston's Black population before the Civil War, much of which was slaves escaped by the Underground Railroad. Sites on the Black Heritage Trail include the 1806 African Meeting House, the oldest standing black church in the United States; the Robert Gould Shaw Memorial; schools; and homes of several abolitionists.[8]
Brown v. Board of Education Kansas
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site)
1.85 acres (0.0075 km2) [9]
Carl Sandburg Home North Carolina
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site)
268.49 acres (1.0865 km2) [10]
Carter G. Woodson Home Washington, D.C.
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Carter G. Woodson Home National Historic Site)
0.15 acres (0.00061 km2) Carter G. Woodson, the pioneering historian, author, and journalist who founded Black History Month, lived in this three-story rowhouse from 1922 until his death in 1950. There he operated the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History and published the published the Negro History Bulletin and the Journal of Negro History.[11]
Charles Pinckney South Carolina
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Charles Pinckney National Historic Site)
28.45 acres (0.1151 km2) [12]
Chicago Portage
(affiliated area)
Illinois
Chimney Rock
(affiliated area)
Nebraska
Christiansted U.S. Virgin Islands
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Christiansted National Historic Site)
27.15 acres (0.1099 km2) [13]
Clara Barton Maryland
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Clara Barton National Historic Site)
8.59 acres (0.0348 km2) [14]
Edgar Allan Poe Pennsylvania
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Edgar Allan Poe National Historic Site)
0.52 acres (0.0021 km2) [15]
Eisenhower Pennsylvania
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Eisenhower National Historic Site)
690.46 acres (2.7942 km2) [16]
Eleanor Roosevelt New York
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site)
180.50 acres (0.7305 km2) [17]
Eugene O'Neill California
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Eugene O'Neill National Historic Site)
13.19 acres (0.0534 km2) [18]
Fallen Timbers Battlefield and Fort Miamis
(affiliated area)
Ohio [19]
First Ladies Ohio
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Fallen Timbers Battlefield and Fort Miamis National Historic Site)
0.46 acres (0.0019 km2) [20]
Ford's Theatre Washington, D.C.
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Ford's Theatre National Historic Site)
0.30 acres (0.0012 km2) President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated on April 14, 1865 while watching a performance of Our American Cousin at Ford's Theatre. He was brought across the street to the Petersen House where he died the next morning. The theatre continues to produce live plays and has a museum of artifacts related to Lincoln, and the Petersen House, the first historic home purchased by the U.S. government, is furnished as it was the night Lincoln died.[21]
Fort Bowie Arizona
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Fort Bowie National Historic Site)
999.45 acres (4.0446 km2) [22]
Fort Davis Texas
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Fort Davis National Historic Site)
523.00 acres (2.1165 km2) [23]
Fort Laramie Wyoming
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Fort Laramie National Historic Site)
873.11 acres (3.5334 km2) [24]
Fort Larned Kansas
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Fort Larned National Historic Site)
718.39 acres (2.9072 km2) [25]
Fort Point California
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Fort Point National Historic Site)
29.00 acres (0.1174 km2) Fort Point was built in the 1850s to defend San Francisco Bay. It never saw battle as the only such fort on the West Coast, but the masonry structure was preserved when the Golden Gate Bridge was built directly over it in the 1930s.[26]
Fort Raleigh North Carolina
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Fort Raleigh National Historic Site)
515.73 acres (2.0871 km2) [27]
Fort Scott Kansas
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Fort Scott National Historic Site)
20.11 acres (0.0814 km2) [28]
Fort Smith Arkansas, Oklahoma
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Fort Smith National Historic Site)
75.00 acres (0.3035 km2) [29]
Fort Union Trading Post Montana, North Dakota
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site)
440.14 acres (1.7812 km2) [30]
Fort Vancouver Washington, Oregon
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Fort Vancouver National Historic Site)
206.72 acres (0.8366 km2) The Hudson's Bay Company had their northwest headquarters at Fort Vancouver, where they operated the fur trade and oversaw vast territory in the 1820s to 1840s. A reconstructed fort shows life in the Columbia District. It is adjacent to the Pearson Air Museum and the U.S. Army's former Vancouver Barracks, and the home of HBC superintendent John McLoughlin is in Oregon City.[31]
Frederick Douglass Washington, D.C.
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Frederick Douglass National Historic Site)
8.57 acres (0.0347 km2) Frederick Douglass was a prominent abolitionist who gave speeches and wrote books about his time enslaved and social reform. He spent the last 17 years of his life at this home, called Cedar Hill, in the Anacostia neighborhood, where he wrote an autobiography and was a member of D.C. society. The house is restored with many of Douglass's original belongings.[32]
Frederick Law Olmsted Massachusetts
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site)
7.21 acres (0.0292 km2) [33]
Friendship Hill Pennsylvania
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Friendship Hill National Historic Site)
674.56 acres (2.7298 km2) [34]
Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church
(affiliated area)
Pennsylvania [35]
Grant–Kohrs Ranch Montana
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site)
1,618.43 acres (6.5496 km2) [36]
Grey Towers Pennsylvania
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site)
[37]
Hampton Maryland
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Hampton National Historic Site)
62.04 acres (0.2511 km2) [38]
Harry S. Truman Missouri
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Harry S. Truman National Historic Site)
12.59 acres (0.0509 km2) [39]
Herbert Hoover Iowa
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Herbert Hoover National Historic Site)
186.80 acres (0.7560 km2) [40]
Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt New York
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site)
838.43 acres (3.3930 km2) [41]
Honouliuli Hawaii
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Honouliuli National Historic Site)
154.46 acres (0.6251 km2) [42]
Hopewell Furnace Pennsylvania
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site)
848.06 acres (3.4320 km2) [43]
Hubbell Trading Post Arizona
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site)
160.09 acres (0.6479 km2) [44]
James A. Garfield Ohio
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (James A. Garfield National Historic Site)
7.82 acres (0.0316 km2) [45]
Jamestown
(affiliated area)
Virginia
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Massachusetts
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site)
0.09 acres (0.00036 km2) [46]
John Muir California
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (John Muir National Historic Site)
344.14 acres (1.3927 km2) [47]
Kate Mullany
(affiliated area)
New York
Knife River Indian Villages North Dakota
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site)
1,751.00 acres (7.0860 km2) [48]
Lincoln Home Illinois
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Lincoln Home National Historic Site)
12.24 acres (0.0495 km2) [49]
Little Rock Central High School Arkansas
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site)
28.22 acres (0.1142 km2) [50]
Longfellow House–Washington's Headquarters Massachusetts
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Longfellow House–Washington's Headquarters National Historic Site)
1.98 acres (0.0080 km2) [51]
Lower East Side Tenement
(affiliated area)
New York [52]
Maggie L. Walker Virginia
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site)
1.29 acres (0.0052 km2) [53]
Manzanar California
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Manzanar National Historic Site)
813.81 acres (3.2934 km2) [54]
Martin Van Buren New York
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Martin Van Buren National Historic Site)
284.93 acres (1.1531 km2) [55]
Mary McLeod Bethune Council House Washington, D.C.
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site)
0.07 acres (0.00028 km2) [56]
Minidoka Idaho
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Minidoka National Historic Site)
396.30 acres (1.6038 km2) The Minidoka War Relocation Center was the first of ten camps where Japanese Americans were imprisoned during World War II. More than 13,000 incarcerees stayed here at hastily built barracks in the high desert, working on camp construction, at its farm, or on the Anderson Ranch Dam. The Bainbridge Island Japanese American Exclusion Memorial, commemorating where 276 residents were removed from their homes, is a unit of Minidoka NHS.[57]
Minuteman Missile South Dakota
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Minuteman Missile National Historic Site)
43.80 acres (0.1773 km2) [58]
Nicodemus Kansas
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Nicodemus National Historic Site)
4.39 acres (0.0178 km2) [59]
Ninety Six South Carolina
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Ninety Six National Historic Site)
1,021.94 acres (4.1356 km2) [60]
Pennsylvania Avenue Washington, D.C.
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site)
17.61 acres (0.0713 km2) The neighborhood around Pennsylvania Avenue between the White House and the United States Capitol has many historically and architecturally significant buildings and sites, including the Treasury Building, Old Post Office, National World War I Memorial, Freedom Plaza, Federal Triangle, Ford's Theatre, the Old Patent Office Building, the National Building Museum, and Judiciary Square.[61]
President William Jefferson Clinton Birthplace Home Arkansas
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (President William Jefferson Clinton Birthplace Home National Historic Site)
0.68 acres (0.0028 km2) [62]
Puʻukoholā Heiau Hawaii
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Puʻukoholā Heiau National Historic Site)
86.24 acres (0.3490 km2) This stone temple was built by Kamehameha the Great in 1791 following a prophesy that would allow him to conquer all of the Hawaiian islands. At this site his cousin Keōua was slain, ending the civil war on Hawaiʻi. John Young governed the island from its first European-style house nearby while Kamehameha unified Hawaii.[63]
Sagamore Hill New York
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Sagamore Hill National Historic Site)
83.02 acres (0.3360 km2) [64]
Saint Paul's Church New York
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Saint Paul's Church National Historic Site)
6.13 acres (0.0248 km2) [65]
Salem Maritime Massachusetts
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Salem Maritime National Historic Site)
9.02 acres (0.0365 km2) [66]
San Juan Puerto Rico
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (San Juan National Historic Site)
75.13 acres (0.3040 km2) [67]
Sand Creek Massacre Colorado
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site)
12,583.34 acres (50.9230 km2) [68]
Saugus Iron Works Massachusetts
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site)
8.51 acres (0.0344 km2) [69]
Springfield Armory Massachusetts
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Springfield Armory National Historic Site)
54.93 acres (0.2223 km2) [70]
Steamtown Pennsylvania
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Steamtown National Historic Site)
62.48 acres (0.2528 km2) [71]
Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace New York
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site)
0.11 acres (0.00045 km2) President Theodore Roosevelt was born at the original townhouse at this site in 1858 and lived there until 1872. Although it was demolished in 1916, the brownstone was reconstructed a few years later after his death, restored with original and reproduced furnishings as a museum about the statesman and his youth.[72]
Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural New York
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site)
1.18 acres (0.0048 km2) [73]
Thomas Cole
(affiliated area)
New York [74]
Thomas Stone Maryland
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Thomas Stone National Historic Site)
328.25 acres (1.3284 km2) [75]
Touro Synagogue
(affiliated area)
Rhode Island [76]
Tuskegee Airmen Alabama
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site)
89.68 acres (0.3629 km2) [77]
Tuskegee Institute Alabama
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site)
57.92 acres (0.2344 km2) [78]
Ulysses S. Grant Missouri
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site)
9.60 acres (0.0388 km2) [79]
Vanderbilt Mansion New York
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site)
211.65 acres (0.8565 km2) [80]
Washita Battlefield Oklahoma
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Washita Battlefield National Historic Site)
315.20 acres (1.2756 km2) [81]
Whitman Mission Washington
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Whitman Mission National Historic Site)
138.53 acres (0.5606 km2) [82]
William Howard Taft Ohio
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (William Howard Taft National Historic Site)
3.64 acres (0.0147 km2) [83]

International Historic Site[edit]

There is one International Historic Site in the US park system, a unique designation given to Saint Croix Island, Maine, on the New Brunswick border. The title, given to the site of the first permanent French settlement in America, recognizes the influence that it has had on both Canada and the United States. The NPS does not distinguish among these designations in terms of their preservation or management policies.

National Historical Parks[edit]

In the United States, sites are "historic", while parks are "historical". The NPS explains that a site can be intrinsically historic, while a park is a modern legal invention. As such, a park is not itself "historic", but can be called "historical" when it contains historic resources. It is the resources which are historic, not the park.[84] There are 61 national historical parks.

National historical parks
Name Image Location Area[85] Description
Abraham Lincoln Birthplace Kentucky
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park)
344.50 acres (1.3941 km2) President Abraham Lincoln was born in 1809 in a one-room log cabin, which was reconstructed in a neoclassical memorial building. He lived until age seven on another farm nearby before moving to Indiana.[86]
Adams Massachusetts
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Adams National Historical Park)
23.82 acres (0.0964 km2) [87]
Appomattox Court House Virginia
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Appomattox Court House National Historical Park)
1,774.60 acres (7.1816 km2) [88]
Blackstone River Valley Rhode Island, Massachusetts
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Blackstone River Valley National Historical Park)
1,489.00 acres (6.0258 km2) [89]
Boston Massachusetts
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Boston National Historical Park)
43.82 acres (0.1773 km2) The Freedom Trail links several sites that made Boston important during the American Revolution. These include the Old State House, where the Boston Massacre took place; the Old North Church; the Old South Meeting House, where the Boston Tea Party was organized; Charlestown Navy Yard, home to the USS Constitution, and the 221 ft (67 m) Bunker Hill Monument at the site of the Battle of Bunker Hill.[90]
Cane River Creole Louisiana
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Cane River Creole National Historical Park)
205.50 acres (0.8316 km2) [91]
Cedar Creek and Belle Grove Virginia
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park)
3,704.96 acres (14.9934 km2) [92]
Chaco Culture New Mexico
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Chaco Culture National Historical Park)
33,960.19 acres (137.4320 km2) [93]
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal District of Columbia, Maryland, West Virginia
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park)
19,617.37 acres (79.3887 km2) The 184 mi (296 km) Chesapeake and Ohio Canal shipped coal and other cargo down the Potomac River from Cumberland, Maryland, to Georgetown, Washington, D.C. from 1831 to 1924. Its towpath, alongside many preserved locks, is now a hiking and cycling trail, with more strenuous trails at Great Falls. It is also part of Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail.[94]
Colonial Virginia
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Colonial National Historical Park)
8,675.04 acres (35.1066 km2) [95]
Cumberland Gap Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Cumberland Gap National Historical Park)
24,546.83 acres (99.3375 km2) [96]
Dayton Aviation Heritage Ohio
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park)
110.56 acres (0.4474 km2) [97]
First State Delaware, Pennsylvania
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (First State National Historical Park)
1,409.22 acres (5.7029 km2) [98]
Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie South Carolina
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie National Historical Park)
232.52 acres (0.9410 km2) [99]
George Rogers Clark Indiana
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (George Rogers Clark National Historical Park)
26.17 acres (0.1059 km2) George Rogers Clark sacked the British Fort Sackville on the Wabash River in 1779 during the Illinois campaign of the Revolutionary War. President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicated a memorical to this victory in 1936. The circular domed Classical-style memorial has a bronze statue of Clark and seven murals depicting the events and their aftermath.[100]
Golden Spike Utah
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Golden Spike National Historical Park)
2,735.28 acres (11.0693 km2) [101]
Harpers Ferry West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Harpers Ferry National Historical Park)
3,669.19 acres (14.8487 km2) In 1859 abolitionist John Brown conducted a raid on the arsenal at Harpers Ferry, a prelude to the Civil War; he was executed and became a martyr. John Brown's Fort remains in the historic lower town in West Virginia. Hiking trails in all three states have overlooks of the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers. The park also has the remains of Storer College, industrial ruins, and Civil War batteries.[102]
Harriet Tubman New York
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Harriet Tubman National Historical Park)
31.50 acres (0.1275 km2) [103]
Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Maryland
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park)
480.00 acres (1.9425 km2) [104]
Homestead Nebraska

0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (War in the Pacific National Historical Park)

210.45 acres (0.8517 km2) [105]
Hopewell Culture Ohio
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Hopewell Culture National Historical Park)
1,775.78 acres (7.1863 km2) [106]
Independence Pennsylvania
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Independence National Historical Park)
44.87 acres (0.1816 km2) The Declaration of Independence was signed in 1776 and the Constitution was drafted in 1787 at Independence Hall, then the Pennsylvania capitol. The Liberty Bell resides across the street, and other historic buildings include the First Bank of the United States, Carpenters' Hall, and Congress Hall.[107]
Jean Lafitte Louisiana
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve)
25,875.86 acres (104.7159 km2) [108]
Jimmy Carter Georgia

0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (War in the Pacific National Historical Park)

78.35 acres (0.3171 km2) [109]
Kalaupapa Hawaii
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Kalaupapa National Historical Park)
10,778.88 acres (43.6206 km2) [110]
Kaloko-Honokōhau Hawaii
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park)
1,163.05 acres (4.7067 km2) This coastal park includes two fishponds and a fish trap used in Ancient Hawaiian aquaculture and brackish anchialine pools with ‘ōpae‘ula shrimp. Lava flows lead down to the Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail, running along the beach and by ruins of an ancient heiau.[111]
Keweenaw Michigan
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Keweenaw National Historical Park)
1,870.00 acres (7.5676 km2) [112]
Klondike Gold Rush Alaska, Washington
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park – Seattle Unit)
12,996.49 acres (52.5949 km2) After gold was found at the Klondike River in 1896, 100,000 prospectors journeyed to the Yukon for the Klondike Gold Rush, most taking a route through Skagway, Alaska, along the Chilkoot Trail, which can still be hiked today, or the White Pass Trail.[113] The Seattle unit in Pioneer Square tells the city's history as a boomtown when prospectors passed through and bought their provisions.[114]
Lewis and Clark Oregon, Washington
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Lewis and Clark National Historical Park)
3,410.15 acres (13.8004 km2) [115]
Lowell Massachusetts
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Lowell National Historical Park)
141.71 acres (0.5735 km2) [116]
Lyndon B. Johnson Texas
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park)
1,571.71 acres (6.3605 km2) [117]
Manhattan Project New Mexico, Tennessee, Washington
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Manhattan Project National Historical Park)
113.61 acres (0.4598 km2) [118]
Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller Vermont
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park)
643.07 acres (2.6024 km2) [119]
Martin Luther King Jr. Georgia
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Martin Luther King Jr. National Historical Park)
39.17 acres (0.1585 km2) Civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was born in 1929 in a home in Sweet Auburn, Atlanta, and succeded his father as pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church down the street. After his 1968 assassination, the King Center for Nonviolent Social Change, the site of his and his widow's tombs, was founded next door to the church. The historic district also includes the Fire Station No. 6 and period shotgun houses.[120]
Minute Man Massachusetts
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Minute Man National Historical Park)
1,027.76 acres (4.1592 km2) [121]
Morristown New Jersey
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Morristown National Historical Park)
1,710.72 acres (6.9230 km2) [122]
Natchez Mississippi
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Natchez National Historical Park)
119.75 acres (0.4846 km2) [123]
New Bedford Whaling Massachusetts
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park)
34.00 acres (0.1376 km2) [124]
New Orleans Jazz Louisiana
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (New Orleans Jazz National Historical Park)
5.13 acres (0.0208 km2) [125]
Nez Perce Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Nez Perce National Historical Park)
4,564.93 acres (18.4736 km2) [126]
Ocmulgee Mounds Georgia
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Ocmulgee Mounds National Historical Park)
3,401.92 acres (13.7671 km2) [127]
Palo Alto Battlefield Texas
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical Park)
3,426.87 acres (13.8681 km2) [128]
Paterson Great Falls New Jersey
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Paterson Great Falls National Historical Park)
51.33 acres (0.2077 km2) [129]
Pecos New Mexico
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Pecos National Historical Park)
6,693.49 acres (27.0876 km2) [130]
Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau Hawaii
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park)
419.80 acres (1.6989 km2) [131]
Reconstruction Era South Carolina
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Reconstruction Era National Historical Park)
64.99 acres (0.2630 km2) [132]
Rosie the Riveter World War II Home Front California
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical Park)
145.19 acres (0.5876 km2) [133]
Saint-Gaudens New Hampshire
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Saint-Gaudens National Historical Park)
190.75 acres (0.7719 km2) [134]
Ste. Genevieve Missouri
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Ste. Genevieve National Historical Park)
16.91 acres (0.0684 km2) [135]
Salt River Bay U.S. Virgin Islands
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological Preserve)
989.42 acres (4.0040 km2) [136]
San Antonio Missions Texas
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (San Antonio Missions National Historical Park)
947.77 acres (3.8355 km2) [137]
San Francisco Maritime California
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park)
49.86 acres (0.2018 km2) This maritime museum has a collection of historic vessels including the steam ferry Eureka, the world's largest wooden ship; the square rig sailing ship Balclutha, schooners, and tugboats.[138]
San Juan Island Washington
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (San Juan Island National Historical Park)
2,145.56 acres (8.6828 km2) With the U.S. and Great Britain engaged in a boundary dispute over the San Juan Islands, the killing of a pig in 1859 led both sides to form military camps on opposite ends of San Juan Island. The bloodless Pig War ended 13 years later when the U.S. was decided the owner of the islands. Both the American and English camps have surviving buildings, developed trails, and shoreline.[139]
Saratoga New York
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Saratoga National Historical Park)
3,579.14 acres (14.4843 km2) [140]
Sitka Alaska
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Sitka National Historical Park)
116.29 acres (0.4706 km2) [141]
Thomas Edison New Jersey
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Thomas Edison National Historical Park)
21.25 acres (0.0860 km2) [142]
Tumacácori Arizona
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Tumacácori National Historical Park)
360.32 acres (1.4582 km2) [143]
Valley Forge Pennsylvania
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Valley Forge National Historical Park)
3,468.54 acres (14.0367 km2) The Continental Army was encamped at Valley Forge during the winter and spring of 1777–1778, where they were led by General George Washington and trained by Baron von Steuben in preparation for the Revolutionary War. The site is preserved with Washington's Headquarters, reconstructed cabins displaying soldiers' hardship, and the 1917 National Memorial Arch.[144]
War in the Pacific Guam
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (War in the Pacific National Historical Park)
2,030.65 acres (8.2177 km2) [145]
Weir Farm Connecticut

0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (War in the Pacific National Historical Park)

74.20 acres (0.3003 km2) [146]
Women's Rights New York
0°N 0°E / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0 (Women's Rights National Historical Park)
7.44 acres (0.0301 km2) [147]

International Historical Park[edit]

Klondike Gold Rush International Historical Park was formally established by the United States and Canada in 1998, the year of the centennial of the gold rush the park commemorates. The park comprises Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park in Washington and Alaska, and Chilkoot Trail National Historic Site in British Columbia. It was this trail which so many prospectors took in hopes of making their fortunes in the Klondike River district of Yukon.

See also[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Special Initiatives in the Northeastern Area/Grey Towers National Historic Site". 2006-01-18. Retrieved 2008-02-12.
  2. ^ "LIST OF NATIONAL HISTORIC LANDMARKS BY STATE" (PDF). nps.gov. National Park Service. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
  3. ^ "Listing of Acreage (Summary)" (PDF). NPS Stats. National Park Service. December 31, 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 13, 2021. Retrieved January 25, 2021.
  4. ^ "Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  5. ^ "Andersonville National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  6. ^ "Andrew Johnson National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  7. ^ "Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  8. ^ "Boston African American National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  9. ^ "Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  10. ^ "Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  11. ^ "Carter G. Woodson Home National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  12. ^ "Charles Pinckney National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  13. ^ "Christiansted National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  14. ^ "Clara Barton National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  15. ^ "Edgar Allan Poe National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  16. ^ "Eisenhower National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  17. ^ "Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  18. ^ "Eugene O'Neill National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  19. ^ "Eugene O'Neill National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  20. ^ "Fallen Timbers Battlefield and Fort Miamis National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  21. ^ "Ford's Theatre National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  22. ^ "Fort Bowie National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  23. ^ "Fort Davis National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  24. ^ "Fort Laramie National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  25. ^ "Fort Larned National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  26. ^ "Fort Point National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  27. ^ "Fort Raleigh National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  28. ^ "Fort Scott National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  29. ^ "Fort Smith National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  30. ^ "Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  31. ^ "Fort Vancouver National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  32. ^ "Frederick Douglass National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  33. ^ "Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  34. ^ "Friendship Hill National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  35. ^ "Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  36. ^ "Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  37. ^ "Grey Towers National Historic Site". U.S. Forest Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  38. ^ "Hampton National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  39. ^ "Harry S. Truman National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  40. ^ "Herbert Hoover National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  41. ^ "Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  42. ^ "Honouliuli National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  43. ^ "Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  44. ^ "Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  45. ^ "James A. Garfield National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  46. ^ "John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  47. ^ "John Muir National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  48. ^ "Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  49. ^ "Lincoln Home National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  50. ^ "Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  51. ^ "Longfellow House–Washington's Headquarters National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  52. ^ "Lower East Side Tenement National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  53. ^ "Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  54. ^ "Manzanar National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  55. ^ "Martin Van Buren National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  56. ^ "Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  57. ^ "Minidoka National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  58. ^ "Minuteman Missile National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  59. ^ "Nicodemus National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  60. ^ "Ninety Six National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  61. ^ "Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  62. ^ "President William Jefferson Clinton Birthplace Home National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  63. ^ "Puʻukoholā Heiau National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  64. ^ "Sagamore Hill National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  65. ^ "Saint Paul's Church National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  66. ^ "Salem Maritime National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  67. ^ "San Juan National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  68. ^ "Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  69. ^ "Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  70. ^ "Springfield Armory National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  71. ^ "Steamtown National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  72. ^ "Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  73. ^ "Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  74. ^ "Thomas Cole National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  75. ^ "Thomas Stone National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  76. ^ "Touro Synagogue National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  77. ^ "Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  78. ^ "Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  79. ^ "Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  80. ^ "Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  81. ^ "Washita Battlefield National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  82. ^ "Whitman Mission National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  83. ^ "William Howard Taft National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  84. ^ U.S. National Park Service, Headquarters Office, Washington, DC. Personal letter.
  85. ^ "Listing of Acreage (Summary)" (PDF). NPS Stats. National Park Service. December 31, 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 13, 2021. Retrieved January 25, 2021.
  86. ^ "Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  87. ^ "Adams National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  88. ^ "Appomattox Court House National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  89. ^ "Blackstone River Valley National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  90. ^ "Boston National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  91. ^ "Cane River Creole National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  92. ^ "Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  93. ^ "Chaco Culture National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  94. ^ "Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  95. ^ "Colonial National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  96. ^ "Cumberland Gap National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  97. ^ "Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  98. ^ "First State National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  99. ^ "Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  100. ^ "George Rogers Clark National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  101. ^ "Golden Spike National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  102. ^ "Harpers Ferry National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  103. ^ "Harriet Tubman National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  104. ^ "Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  105. ^ "Homestead National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  106. ^ "Hopewell Culture National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  107. ^ "Independence National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  108. ^ "Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  109. ^ "Jimmy Carter National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  110. ^ "Kalaupapa National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  111. ^ "Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  112. ^ "Keweenaw National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  113. ^ "Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  114. ^ "Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park – Seattle Unit". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  115. ^ "Lewis and Clark National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  116. ^ "Lowell National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  117. ^ "Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  118. ^ "Manhattan Project National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  119. ^ "Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  120. ^ "Martin Luther King Jr. National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  121. ^ "Minute Man National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  122. ^ "Morristown National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  123. ^ "Natchez National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  124. ^ "New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  125. ^ "New Orleans Jazz National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  126. ^ "Nez Perce National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  127. ^ "Ocmulgee Mounds National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  128. ^ "Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  129. ^ "Paterson Great Falls National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  130. ^ "Pecos National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  131. ^ "Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  132. ^ "Reconstruction Era National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  133. ^ "Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  134. ^ "Saint-Gaudens National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  135. ^ "Ste. Genevieve National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  136. ^ "Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological Preserve". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  137. ^ "San Antonio Missions National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  138. ^ "San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  139. ^ "San Juan Island National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  140. ^ "Saratoga National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  141. ^ "Sitka National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  142. ^ "Thomas Edison National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  143. ^ "Tumacácori National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  144. ^ "Valley Forge National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  145. ^ "War in the Pacific National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  146. ^ "Weir Farm National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  147. ^ "Women's Rights National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved October 11, 2021.

External links[edit]