Popular Socialist Party (Cuba)

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Popular Socialist Party
Partido Socialista Popular
General SecretaryBlas Roca Calderio (last)
Founded1925 (1925)
Dissolved1961 (1961)
Merged intoIntegrated Revolutionary Organizations
HeadquartersHavana
NewspaperHoy (until 1950)
Labor wingConfederación Nacional Obrera de Cuba
IdeologyCommunism
Marxism–Leninism
National affiliationDemocratic Socialist Coalition (1939–1944)
International affiliationComintern (1925–1943)
ColorsRed
Party flag
Popular Socialist Party (Cuba) flag.svg

The Popular Socialist Party (Spanish: Partido Socialista Popular, PSP) was a communist party in Cuba. It was founded in 1925 as the Communist Party of Cuba (Partido Comunista de Cuba) by Blas Roca, Anibal Escalante, Fabio Grobart, Alfonso Bernal del Riesgo and Julio Antonio Mella. Mella acted as the party's leader until his assassination in Mexico in 1929. It was later renamed the Communist Revolutionary Union (Unión Revolucionaria Comunista) in 1939. After the electoral victory of the Auténticos in the 1944 elections, the party went into decline and eventually adopted the name "Popular Socialist Party" to appeal to the electorate.

The party published the daily newspaper Hoy ("Today") until 1950.

History[edit]

The party was founded in 1925 with the help of Soviet officials. It immediately became the Cuban representative for the Comintern and would remain a member until the Comintern's dissolution in 1943.[1]

The party formed an alliance with the Orthodox Party in the 1944 general elections, but was defeated by the Auténticos-Republican alliance, winning only four seats in the House of Representatives. They went on to win five seats in the 1946 mid-term elections.[2]

In the 1948 general election the party put forward Juan Marinello as its presidential candidate. While he finished fourth, the party won five seats in the House elections. They later won four in the 1950 mid-term elections.[2]

The Auténticos government under President Carlos Prío Socarrás banned the party's daily newspaper, Hoy, in 1950.[3]

The party was initially critical of Fidel Castro. In 1961 the party merged into the Integrated Revolutionary Organizations (ORI), the precursor of the current Communist Party of Cuba.

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Jeifets & Jeifets 2017, p. 97.
  2. ^ a b Nohlen 2005, p. 211.
  3. ^ Manke 2015, p. 240.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Carr, Barry (1998). "Identity, Class, and Nation: Black Immigrant Workers, Cuban Communism, and the Sugar Insurgency, 1925–1934". The Hispanic American Historical Review. 78 (1): 83–116. doi:10.2307/2517379. ISSN 0018-2168.
  • Jeifets, Víctor; Jeifets, Lazar (April 2017). "El encuentro de la izquierda cubana con la Revolución Rusa: el Partido Comunista y la Comintern". Historia Crítica (in Spanish) (64): 81–100. doi:10.7440/histcrit64.2017.05.
  • Manke, Albert (2015). "Chinese in the Cuban revolution: An ethnically marked political mobilization?". Ethnicity as a Political Resource. Transcript Verlag: 237–252.
  • Nohlen, Dieter (2005). Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume 1. New York. ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6.