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Somaliland National Party

Xisbiga Waddani
LeaderAbdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi
FounderAbdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi
Split fromUCID
Islamic democracy
House of Representatives
31 / 82
Local councillors
79 / 220
Party flag
Waddani Party Flag.svg

The Somaliland National Party (Somali: Xisbiga Waddani, lit.'Patriotic Party'), sometimes referred to as the Waddani National Party and better known by its shortened Somali form Waddani, is a political party in Somaliland. The party was founded by Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi (Irro) in 2012, ahead of the second municipal elections later that year.[1]

The party is populist; according to Adèle Stebach (Europe Elects), economically, it leans left, defending the establishment of a universal healthcare system, public investment and doubling resources in education. It is progressive on issues regarding minority rights and fundamental freedoms, such as proposing a quorum of 30% of women in Parliament. The party also supports greater decentralisation. Additionally, the party places great importance on Islamic moral and cultural heritage, and intends to give it a more important place in the education system and in the establishment of laws. The party's economic and diplomatic policy is also more nationalist than that of its rivals, and this nationalism also applies to issues of defense, with the party promising to increase funding dedicated to the army.[2][3]

The constitution of Somaliland only allows for the top three political parties to contest elections, to avoid the previous proliferation of clan-based parties in the 1960s.[4] Waddani became one of the three in 2012, replacing the United Peoples' Democratic Party (UDUB).[5]

Clans are important in Somaliland politics. According to the ISS, Waddani's base is the Habar Unis sub-clan of Isaaq, the sub clan of the founder Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi.[5]

2017 Somaliland presidential election[edit]

Presidential elections were held on 13 November 2017, the third direct presidential election since 2003. General elections had been scheduled to be held on 27 March 2017 to elect both the President and House of Representatives,[6] but were postponed by six months due to the drought condition in the region.[7] The elections to elect the President and Vice President were eventually held separately on 13 November.[8] Incumbent President Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud of the Peace, Unity, and Development Party (Kulmiye) did not run for a second term.

The result was a victory for ruling Kulmiye party candidate Muse Bihi Abdi, who received 55% of the vote.

Candidate Party Votes %
Muse Bihi Abdi Peace, Unity, and Development Party 305,909 55.10
Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi Waddani 226,092 40.73
Faisal Ali Warabe For Justice and Development 23,141 4.17
Invalid/blank votes 10,475
Total 565,617 100
Registered voters/turnout 704,198 80.32
Source: SLNEC

2021 Somaliland parliamentary election[edit]

Parliamentary elections were held in Somaliland on 31 May 2021, the first since 2015.[9] On 6 June it was announced that Waddani had received 31 out of 82 seats and it will form a coalition with the Justice and Welfare Party (UCID).[10] The coalition will have 51 seats combined, compared to previous ruling party Kulmiye which has only 30. [11]

Somaliland Chambre des représentants 2021.svg
Kulmiye Peace, Unity, and Development Party30+2
Justice and Welfare Party210
Registered voters/turnout1,065,847
Source: Reuters

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "About Waddani". Xisbiga Waddani. 1 August 2017. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
  2. ^ Stebach, Adèle (31 May 2021). "Somaliland Parliamentary Elections: Peace and Democracy". Europe Elects. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  3. ^ "Barnaamijka Xisbiga". Xisbiga Waddani (in Somali). 2017. Archived from the original on 23 June 2020. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  4. ^ "A Vote for Change: Somaliland's Two Decades Old Electoral Democracy" (PDF). Academy for Peace and Development. May 2021. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  5. ^ a b Omar S Mahmood; Mohamed Farah (October 2017). "High stakes for Somaliland's presidential elections" (PDF). Institute for Security Studies. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  6. ^ Somaliland: “Presidential and Parliament Elections Slated for March 2017 Archived 21 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine Somaliland Sun, 10 September 2015
  7. ^ "Somalia: Presidential election postponed in Somaliland". Garowe Online. 17 January 2017. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
  8. ^ Maruf, Harun (13 November 2017). "Voting Begins in Somaliland in Third Presidential Election Since 2003". VOA.
  9. ^ "Somaliland holds first parliamentary vote since 2005". Reuters. 31 May 2021. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  10. ^ "Somaliland opposition win majority in first parliamentary vote since 2005". Reuters. 6 June 2021. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  11. ^ "Somaliland's Opposition Parties Forge new Alliance". Somaliland Standard. 6 June 2021. Retrieved 7 June 2021.

External links[edit]